Disorders have existed long before recorded history. The earliest interpretations of anxiety disorders appear to be mostly spiritual. The word panic is derived from the Greek god Pan; who, according to legend, could inspire overwhelming and irrational fear, especially when disturbed from his sleep. The word anxietyis derived from the Latin word 'angere' meaning to choke, or strangle. The word fear is derived from the Germanic languages; originally meaning 'to lie in wait, to ambush, and to pounce upon.'
Only a Professional Can Diagnose Panic Disorder
The symptoms of panic disorder may mimic many other anxiety disorders and/or medical conditions. Only your doctor or mental health professional can diagnose panic disorder.
From a biological perspective, one theory of panic disorder is that symptoms are caused by an imbalance of one or more of these chemical messengers.Sertonin, norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
One theory of the cause of panic disorder is that the body’s alarm system, called the fight-or-flight response, is triggered without cause.
Individuals with a first-line ( parent, sibling, grandparent) biological relative with panic disorder are 8 times more likely to develop the condition.
To date, the exact cause of panic disorder remains unknown.
Doesn't change you just have a hard life with panic attacks it's a treatable illness.
A full-blown panic attack includes a combination of the following signs and symptoms:
- Shortness of breath or hyperventilation
- Heart palpitations or a racing heart
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Trembling or shaking
- Choking feeling
- Feeling unreal or detached from your surroundings
- Nausea or upset stomach
- Feeling dizzy, light-headed, or faint
- Numbness or tingling sensations
- Hot or cold flashes
- Fear of dying, losing control, or going crazy
Yes the disorder can be treated.
Medicines used most often to treat panic attacks include:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil.
- Benzodiazepines, such as Xanax, Valium, Ativan, and Klonopin.
Medicines sometimes used to treat panic disorder include:
You may be taught exercises to help reduce the physical symptoms of the attack. For example, when you begin to experience the symptoms of a panic attack, you consciously change the way you respond. Your therapist will help you learn appropriate behaviors for responding to a panic attack and help you work through the fear of having another attack. You and your therapist work together to identify and change your patterns of thinking and behavior that may trigger or worsen panic disorder.
Long Term Health Outlook
Panic disorders may be long-lasting and hard to treat. Some people with this disorder may not be cured. But most persons get better when treated correctly.
People with panic disorder are more likely to:
-Abuse alcohol or illegal drugs
-Be unemployed or less productive at work
-Have difficult personal relationships, including marriage problems
-Become isolated by limiting where they go or who they are around
Future of Disorder
According to the American Medical Association and American Psychiatric Association, cognitive-behavioral therapy is the treatment of choice. But since the advancement of medical science, a number of new drugs and combination therapies have known to be much more effective.