THE ST. LAWRENCE LOWLANDS
Using the $250,000 the government has provided me with, I have this idea of creating a farm in the St. Lawrence Lowlands region.
I think it is a good idea to create a farm in this region. The reason for this is because of good climate for crop-growing season, good soil, and the landscape is perfect for agriculture.
First of all, this region has a continental climate, meaning that we get hot and humid summers, perfect for crops! Places that are located in the interior of continental land masses, away from the coasts usually have a continental climate. During the summer, we get 75-100 millimeters of precipitation with an average temperature of 21 degrees Celsius. To add to that, we hardly get any "extreme weather" such as droughts and floods in this area.
Secondly, the reason a farm would be a good idea here in the St. Lawrence Lowlands is because of how good the soil is. A couple thousand years ago, much of Canada was covered by two large continental ice sheets. These ice sheets were 4km thick! Overtime, it got warmer and warmer, and all that ice started to melt. The meltwater brought many nutrients to the soil in this region. This allowed us to have rich, fertile soil.
The third reason for why having a farm is good in this area is because not only is there good climate, good soil, but there is also good landscape. During the melting of the ice sheets thousands of years ago, the melting water brought till and created till plains. A till plain is a large, flat plain which is ideal for farming. Anyways, during the melting, there were also many plants and organisms fell into the sea, leaving layers of sediments behind. This is why the main type of rock in this region is sedimentary rock.
Even with all these great things going on, we still need to consider some of the disadvantages and problems that farmers are facing right now and ones they might have to face in the future.
One disadvantage to owning a farm in the St. Lawrence Lowlands is that you can only grow crops for a certain amount of time, which is in the summer. This is because our winters are very cold and sometimes unpredictable. During the winter, since we can't grow anything, we can't make money. Another issue is that crops can get infected with parasites and pests, causing the crop go bad. These are just a few disadvantages to owning a farm.
A problem that a farmer may experience in the future has much to do with climate change. For example, a farm could suffer from "extreme weather" like drought or natural disasters such as tornadoes. Drought occurs when a long period of dry weather leads to a severe shortage in water. Tornadoes are formed when the sun heats up the surface of the Earth, and as the warm, less heavy air begins to rise, and meets the colder, heavier air above it. Tornadoes are very dangerous and can destroy anything in their paths. Droughts and other extreme weather conditions like strong winds and heavy rain can wipe out entire fields of crops. The biggest problem, though, is that we can never really see it coming. These disasters are unpredictable, and farmers need to be aware of this.