The 1930's

By Cade Northcutt
6th Period

The 1930's was a unique time period in America. New ageless songs from artists emerged, hits from The Ink Spots, Frank Sinatra, Billy Holiday, and more. Artists created new paths of style such as Salvador Dali. Even gangsters were controlling the dominant cities all across the country, including the notorious Al Capone.

Chicago, 1930

Chicago was the home and dangerous playground to Al Capone. Al Capone moved to Chicago in 1919 and began building one of the most well-known gangster lifestyle ever talked about. Capone was notorious for the murders of multiple people, drug trafficking,  boot-legging, gambling, and many more crimes throughout the 1920s. When the 1930's came around, Capone was number one in the Chicago list of the twenty-eight worst criminals. The government and FBI went to extreme measures to find any type of proof to arrest Capone. In 1931, Capone was charged with multiple accounts of crimes, most notable for tax evasion. He was sentenced by the jury to 10 years and 6 months in prison. Capone spent a short time in an Atlanta prison, but soon word spread that he was having special treatments and ran the prison. Capone was shortly sent to Alcatraz and served his time in prison till 1939. Capone settled in Florida after prison and died of a stroke in 1947. Although most of his actions were negative during the 1920-30s, he also did some good for the city of Chicago and was extremely popular throughout the country. He owned restaurants and helped the poor during the hard times of the late 1920's and 30's. In his prime, Al Capone had over 600 gang members to protect his empire while racking in an gigantic income of $10,000,000. Capone defies the corruption and power of the gang lifestyle during the 1920's and 1930's.

Al Capone

New styles of art emerged in the 1930's, with talent all over the world. One of the biggest art stars in the 1930's was Salvador Dali, known for his crazy, over-the-top and extravagant paintings and designs. Dali first visited America in 1934 ariving in New York. He soon displayed his own pieces of surrealism art at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and became well known for more than just his art. In 1936, Dali made the cover of Time Magazine. He was an american celebrity, making every piece or art he constructed turn into gold. Dali did film clips, worked with Walt Disney, and was a popular icon for being unique and independent with a little bit of recklessness. Dali painted his most famous pieces in the 1930's, such as The Persistence of Memory and The Burning Giraffe. The Surrealism Style will always first be recognized with works from Salvador Dali. He changed the way we viewed art and puzzled many Americans with his magnificent art during the 1930's and continued to create art till his death in 1989.

The Persistence of Memory

American Music in the 1930's was ruled by Jazz, Rhythm, and Blues music, while changing from the common sweet melodies to  aggressive and more up-tempo music. Artists that emerged to the spotlight in the 1930's included Benny Goodman, Billie Holiday, The Ink Spots, and more. The influence of American Jazz changed the way natives listened to music. Even during the rough times of the 1930's, people remained entertained with these new styles of music. Radios became widely popular with multiple programs offering different types of music. Big bands and swing music ruled most of the popular music on the radio. People suffering during these times looked to music for a sense of entertainment, drama, love, and much more. The 1930's is known for creating iconic music, changing the way we look at music today.

Benny Goodman recorded his hit, "Sing Sing Sing" on July 6th 1937. This represents the southern-swing style music in the 1930's.

1930's American Iron Miners

This famous hit, "If I Didn't Care" by The Ink Spots represents the slower-paced music of the 1930's. Releasing in 1939, this hit sold over 19 million copies and was one of the best selling singles of all time.

1930's New York

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