Iwo Jima

Mallory Ware 3rd period

• During the winter of 1945, the Pacific Island Iwo Jima was an active target.

• The capture of Iwo Jima was a 3 part plan the Americans had for winning the war in the Far East.

• This island is 4.5 miles long and 2.5 miles wide.

• The Battle of Iwo Jima, or Operation Detachment, was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire.

•The Japanese had constructed a complex series of underground tunnels and bunkers to protect themselves from the heavy shelling that Iwo Jima had seen earlier in the war.

• By March 11th, the Japanese were trapped in an area around Kitano Point, the island’s most northerly extremity.

• By March 16th, the island was declared secure and all resistance had ceased by March 26th.

• The island lies at the foot of the Bonin chain of islands, south of the main Japanese island of Honshu.

• There were two airfields on the island.

• They could be used by Japanese fighter planes to attack American bombers on their flights to Japan.

• When the Japanese came up from underground, the real fighting began.

• Later in the conflict other Marine Divisions took part in the action, including the 3rd and 28th.

• The Americans had cut the island in two by the end of the first day.

• The tiny island had taken America over one month to take.

• The Marines lost 6,891 men killed and 18,070 wounded.

• Out of the 22,000 Japanese soldiers on the island, only 212 were taken prisoners.

• On the first day of the battle 30,000 US marines landed on the shores of Iwo Jima.

• The Japanese had dug all sorts of tunnels and hiding places all over the island. They were waiting quietly for more marines to get on shore. Once a number of marines were on shore they attacked.

• Iwo Jima was defended by roughly 23,000 Japanese army and navy troops, and it was attacked by three marine divisions after elaborate preparatory air and naval bombardment.

• American troops that landed at Iwo Jima were with the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine divisions.

• To the Japanese leadership, the capture of Iwo Jima meant the battle for Okinawa, and the invasion of Japan itself, was not far off.

• The 4th and 5th Marine Divisions were sent in on February 19, 1945.

• When the Japanese came up from underground, the real fighting began.

• A damaged B-29 landed on Iwo as early as March 4; before war's end between 2,250 and 2,400 bombers did so.

• As the protective naval gunfire subsided to allow for the Marine advance, the Japanese emerged from their fortified underground positions to begin a heavy barrage of fire against the invading force.

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