V-J day victory in Japan

Jayla Brown

August 14,1945 it was announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally to the allies

August 15 is commemorated as Liberation Day in Korea

VJ Day is located in the pacific

Supreme Commander General Douglas MacArthur will receive the official Japanese surrender, arrangements for which are now under way.

Japan enjoyed series of early victories in Hong Kong, Burma, and Malaya, the Philippines and Bomeo.

Later, in an address to a crowd that had gathered outside the White House President Truman said: "This is the day we have been waiting for since Pearl Harbor. This is the day when Fascism finally dies, as we always knew it would."

President Truman declared September 2 as the official VJ Day in 1945

At midnight, the British Prime Minister clement Atlee confirmed the news in a broadcast saying , "The last of our enemies is laid low

"Our hearts are full to overflowing, as are your own. Yet there is not one of us who has experienced this terrible war who does not realise that we shall feel its inevitable consequences long after we have all forgotten our rejoicings today."

Historic buildings all over London were floodlit and people crowded onto the streets of every town and city shouting, singing, dancing, lighting bonfires and letting off fireworks.

The Prime Minister expressed gratitude to Britain's allies, I'm Australia and New Zealand, India , Burma, all countries occupied by Japan and the USSR

There were no celebrations in Japan - in his first ever radio broadcast, Emperor Hirohito blamed the use of "a new and most cruel bomb" used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki for Japan's surrender.

In August 6, 1945 the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on the Japanese City of Hiroshima.

The United States waited three days before dropping a second bomb on Nagasaki. The Japanese then began talks directly with the United States and, although their government's decision was not unilateral, Japan had little choice but to surrender.

The Soviet declaration of war on Japan (on 8 August 1945) and the nuclear attacks on Nagasaki and Hiroshima forced Japan to face the facts, and the Empire disintegrated.

Japan enjoyed series of early victories in Hong Kong, Burma, and Malaya, the Philippines and Bomeo.

What the Emperor failed to mention however, was that the Allies had delivered Japan an ultimatum to surrender on 28th July 1945.

The Allies celebrated victory over Japan on 15th August 1945, although the Japanese administration under General Koiso Kuniaki did not officially surrender with a signed document until 2nd September.

A nation-wide broadcast by President Truman was aired at seven o'clock p.m. (daylight time in Washington, D.C.)on August 14 announcing the communication and that the formal event was scheduled for September 2. In his announcement of Japan's surrender on August 14, President Truman said that "the proclamation of V-J Day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan"

When this was ignored, the US dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima on 6th August and Nagasaki on 9th August, the day that Soviet forces invaded Manchuria.

VJ Day marked not only the end of the war in the Pacific, but also the end of World War Two. In Britain, huge crowds gathered to cheer King George VI and his Queen en route to Westminster for the opening of Parliament.

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