Ukraine

The Bread Basket of Europe

Kiev is the Capital of Ukraine, and its population is 2.758 million.

Chernivtsi is a city in Western Ukraine, located on the upper course of the River Prut.  

Information on the Geography of Ukraine

Ukraine is located in Europe, and is 12.75 times smaller than Australia. Its bordering countries are Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Russia, and Belarus.  It also has a coastline that is 3,783 km long. Ukraine is made up of 53.85% arable land. In terms of natural hazards, events such as flooding, tornadoes and lightning storms have increased in frequency, and earthquakes occur once in a while. Most of this country has cold winters and warm summers; only the Southern Crimean coast of Ukraine has a muggy, subtropical climate. Ukraine's terrain is mostly made of fertile plains and plateaus. Only in the Crimean Peninsula in the far reaches of the South, and the Carpathians in the West, will you find mountains. Ukraine's lowest point of elevation is the Black Sea at zero meters, while the highest elevation point is Hora Hoverla, at 2061 meters. This country also has 139.6 cu km of total renewable water resources, recorded in 2011.

Ukrainian soldiers take position in a sunflower field near Donetsk, Ukraine.

A man holding a Ukrainian flag.

This graph shows how the positions of the United States, Russia/Soviet Union, and Ukraine in the United Nations General Assembly have changed since World War II.

Information on Ukraine's Government

Ukraine's type of government is a Semi-Presidential System, and Kiev is the capital of Ukraine. Their constitution is the fundamental law, and their legal system is the Civil Law. They are able to vote at age 18. The leader of Ukraine's Executive Branch is President Petro Poroshenko, and its judicial branch includes 95 judges and 18 justices. Verkhovna Rada is the leader of Ukraine's Legislative Branch.

Information on the History of Ukraine

The Country has changed hands a lot over the years, and has not always been independent. On December 30, 1922, Ukraine became a republic of the Soviet Union. During Soviet rule, 4 to 5 million Ukrainian people starved to death at the hands of the government, which tried to exterminate the Kulak people. During WWII, Ukraine was invaded and controlled by Germany from 1941 to 1944. Ukraine became an independent country in 1991 when the Soviet Union dispersed. There are 35,000 stateless people in this country, while the citizens of the USSR are permanent residents in Ukraine ever since Ukraine was granted its independence. Therefore, one of their national holidays is Independence Day, known as Unity Day. To learn more Ukrainian facts, visit https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print/country/countrypdf_up.pdf.  

Information on the Culture of Ukraine

Nine main Ukrainian ethnic groups were recorded in 2001, including Ukrainian, Russian, Belarusian, Moldovan, Crimean Tater, Bulgarian, Hungarian, Polish and Jewish. The largest is the Ukrainian, listed at 77.8% in 2001. The country is mostly Christian, and their official language is Ukrainian. About 40% of the people in Ukraine think of themselves as atheists, but the number of jews, muslims, and protestants continues to increase. Ukrainian citizens must serve a term in the military between the ages of 18 and 25, either spending twelve months in the army or air force, or eighteen in the Navy. The majority of the people live in the city, at 68.9 percent.  

Ukrainians are said to be very superstitious and used to changing rules and laws. They are also known as very generous and hospitable people.  They have formal customs about how to greet somebody. For example, if both people are female and friends, they give three kisses on the cheeks, switching from one cheek to the other, starting on the left. If they are male, they give a pat on the back or a hug. Ukrainians give each other gifts on birthdays and the orthodox Christmas. Ukrainians also celebrate name days, where you celebrate the birthday of the saint you are named after. When invited to somebody's home in Ukraine, it is polite to bring something, such as cake, flowers, or a bottle of imported liquor. When bringing flowers, there must always be an odd number of them and they should not be yellow. Gifts are not opened when you receive them, you must wait until later. If you want to learn more about the culture and customs of Ukraine, please visit http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-e...

Information on Ukraine's Economy

Economically, Ukraine came in last out of 43 countries in the Europe region, and is below the world average. Unemployment rates are high. Its economy is advancing, but still has a long way to go. Ukraine's economy is repressed and corrupted, and the government needs deeper institutional reforms. If you want to learn more about Ukraine's government, please visit http://www.heritage.org/index/country/ukraine


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