Genetic Testing

Birth Defects

Genetic Testing is one of the many medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The results can confirm or identify genetic condition or help determine a person's chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorders.  In addition, more than 1,000 genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being developed.

There are several methods that can be used for genetic testing such as, molecular genetic tests (gene tests) which studies single genes, chromosomal genetic tests that analyze whole chromosomes, and biochemical genetic tests that study the amount or activity level of proteins (abnormalities).

"6 percent—of certain fetuses declared normal by conventional testing were found to have genetic abnormalities by gene scans... The gene flaws can cause anything from minor defects such as a club foot to more serious ones such as mental retardation, heart problems and fatal diseases." This shows that genetic testing has helped future parents identify any type of problem their baby might have/develop. This leaves the parents with the opportunity to help their child have a better future.

In the same manner, "Today commercial entities often have as much control over individuals' life choices and destinies as do governments. If the biotechnology and assisted reproduction industries were to decide to develop "genetic enhancement" procedures and market them to prospective parents, the pressures to "provide the best start in life for your child" would be considerable." Everyone has their own point of view rewarding genetic testing, whether is because of their believes or merely because of their view on this topic, but at the end the parents are the ones responsible for this decision, even thought it can bring pressure to them, they must also consider what can be best for their future children(s).