Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), was born at Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, near Grantham. When Newton was 17 years old, he was a student at The King’s School in Grantham. Newton stood out at school and scored very high in his studies. Newton became a student at Trinity College in Cambridge where he studied the official curriculum based on Aristotle.
One of Newton’s best known early achievements while in school was his discovery of the generalized binomial theorem. He was not considered a great student when he was enrolled in college. When he graduated, he invested a great deal of time in self-study. During this period of self-study, he focused on physics, calculus, and the laws of gravity.
Newton made many discoveries in areas related to optics, the theory of finite differences, and innovative applications in geometry. Based on his very unique work, he received a great deal of acclaim. This led to him being named Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in 1669. Traditionally, a person who was awarded such a position had to become a priest. Newton was given an exemption from that rule.
In his later years, Newton invested a significant amount of time writing about the subject of religion and he even studied alchemy. Newton passed away on March 20, 1727, unmarried and without children.