Brazil

-The capital of Brazil is Brasilia

-The national language of Brazil is Portuguese

-Brazil is located in the Continent of South America

-The population of Brazil is 200.4 million

-The life expectancy for Brazil is 73.62 years

Geography

Top 5 Major Cities of Brazil

Sao Paulo-

This vibrant city is known for music, theatre, museums, car racing, sports, and incredibly varied ethnic cuisine. It's also home to 20+ landmarks important to the history of Brazil. Sao Paulo is Brazil's premiere business center. Nearly every industry of Brazil is represented in Sao Paulo, one of the busiest cities in Brazil.

Population - 10 to 11 million. Sao Paulo Fashion Week - largest fashion show in Latin America held annually

Home to over 15 universities and colleges 2 major train stations and 2 airports

Has the highest number of regularly operating helicopters in the world

Rio de Janeiro-

Rio is perhaps best known for its amazing beaches, such as Copacabana, Leblon, and Ipanema, but Rio has so much more to offer. This city is also famous for stunningly beautiful scenery and carnivals.

Population - over 5 million

Christ the Redeemer statue

Maracana Stadium - one of the largest football stadiums in the world

Sugarloaf MountainHosting 2016 Olympics

Tourism is Rio de Janeiro's primary industry

Salvador-

Salvador has been dubbed Brazil's capital of happiness. This city is a mix of rich historical heritage and modern life.

Population - just over 2 millionNoted for - music, food, arts, and architecture

Industries - petrochemical plant, oil refinery, and tourism

Salvador is one of Brazil's most important ports and trade centers

Host to the largest street party in the world - Carnaval of Salvador da Bahia

Fortaleza-

Population - 2.5 million

Nightlife, carnivals, comedians, cuisine, music festivals

Industry - tourism and national and international commerce

8 historic landmarks

16 miles of urban beaches

Belo Horizonte-

Population - 2.4 million

Largest city of Minas Gerais

Industry - agriculture, mining, automobiles, textiles, biotechnology, steel, gold and gems

Music, theatre, dance, food, and museums

Several cultural landmarks

Major Landforms of Brazil:

Guiana Highlands-

The Guiana Highlands consist mainly of flat-topped mountains extending in a roughly east-to-west direction across the north of the country. They are home to Brazil's highest point, Pico da Neblina, which rises to nearly 10,000 feet along the Venezuelan border. Covered by rainforests, the Guiana Highlands feature plunging waterfalls and deep gorges

Amazon Basin-

To the south of the Guiana Highlands lie the lowlands of the Amazon Basin, which like the Guiana Highlands stretch across the country in a horizontal band. The largest tropical rainforest in the world, the Amazon covers over one-and-a-half billion square miles, and is home to countless species of rare flora and fauna. At the heart of this basin is the Amazon River, which drains nearly half of South America and carries a higher volume of water than any other river on the planet.

Brazilian Shield and Mato Grosso Plateau-

The land south of the Amazon Basin slopes gently upward into the Brazilian Shield, and, farther south still, the Mato Grosso Plateau. The Brazilian Shield contains hundreds of northward-flowing rivers and streams that feed the Amazon. The land rises higher to the south, transitioning into the Mato Grosso Plateau. This area receives less precipitation than the Amazon rainforest; hence, its woodlands are interspersed with savanna-like grasslands. Elevations in the Mato Grosso average about 2,000 feet, significant enough to form the dividing line between the drainage basins of the Amazon and Paraguay Rivers

Climate

Average Temperature-

-The average temperature in Brazil as a whole is between 73 and 80 Degrees Fahrenheit

Average Rainfall-

-The average precipitation(rain/snow) stays around 100mm

Culture

Brazil Food - Northeast Brazil

The Northeast region of Brazil includes Sergipe, Alagoas, Piaui, Maranhao, Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia, Paraiba, and Rio Grande do Norte. Popular dishes here are heavily influenced by the origins of Amerindian, African, and Portuguese cuisine.

Popular dish:

  • Moqueca - literally translated means "stew" and is a seafood stew that has been made in Brazil for over 300 years now. It contains fish, garlic and onions, olive oil, cilantro, tomato, peppers, and is cooked slowly without added liquids.

Popular  Music/Artists-

Instigante by Sorriso Maroto is #1 on the charts in Brazil and has held its spot for over a week.

Government & religion

Brazil is governed under the 1988 constitution as amended. The president, who is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (and may serve two terms), is both head of state and head of government. There is a bicameral legislature consisting of an upper Federal Senate and a lower Chamber of Deputies. The 81 senators are elected for eight years and the 513 deputies are elected for four years. The president may unilaterally intervene in state affairs. Administratively, the country is divided into 26 states and one federal district (Brasília); each state has its own governor and legislature. The main political parties are the Brazilian Democratic Movement party, the Liberal Front party (now known as the Democrats party), the Democratic Labor party, the Brazilian Social Democracy party, and the Workers party.

Religion-

The Majority of Brazil's Population is Roman Catholicism.




interesting facts

Unusual Laws-

-Women being topless at the beach can be regarded as a legal offense in Brazil. According to the the Penal Code, every obscene act is considered a crime and being topless at the beach can be considered an act of public indecency or indecent exposure. Despite that, the law is also subject to interpretation, so there is no consensus about whether being topless should be regarded as a crime as public breastfeeding is not.

-Most Brazilian municipalities have a law that forbids the use of cellphones inside banking agencies. The main reason for this law is to secure the banking agency’s users from being robbed upon leaving the site. The penalty for not following the law is a fine to the banking agency.

Travel Tips-

Brazil maintains a reciprocal visa policy whereby a visa is required by any citizen of any country requiring Brazilian citizens to obtain a visa. U.S., Canadian and Australian citizens REQUIRE a visa . You should check with the Brazilian Embassy or Consulate having jurisdiction for your specific area of residence for the very latest visa information.

Health Issues-

Infant mortality is a serious issue in Brazil , especially in favelas and the Northeast region of the country. More than half of infant deaths occur in the Northeast region of Brazil . Several factors contribute to the high infant mortality rates, including disease, poor health care, poverty and birth-related issues. Poor maternal nutrition as well as the detrimental effects of cigarette smoking contribute to these high rates. Disease is common among newborns, especially in impoverished areas where basic necessities are lacking. The most common diseases include diarrhea, pneumonia, respiratory infections, measles, smallpox and fraquenza.

Citations

"Brazil." Google. Web. 13 Nov. 2014. https://www.google.com/search?q=life expectancayforbrazil&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=fflb.

"Cities in Brazil - Top 10 Cities of Brazil - Brazil Cities." CelebrateBrazil.com. Web. 16 Nov. 2014. http://www.celebratebrazil.com/cities-in-brazil.h...

"LandformsofBrazil."TravelTips.Web.16Nov.2014. http://traveltips.usatoday.com/landforms-brazil-59690.html.

"AverageTempGraph."Web.17Nov.2014. <http://www.a2zlanguages.com/a2z/images/brazil/salvador/weather_temp_graph.jpg>.

"Brazil's Government." Infoplease. Infoplease. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/brazil-government.html>.

"Religon Chart." Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <https://www.google.com/search?q=Religion in brazil&safe=strict&client=firefox-a&hs=iJB&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=fflb&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=k2xqVN_TD5KHyASN0YHgDQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1024&bih=622#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=9v-sMxQJIMNvBM%3A;vkX5HldR9F_lVM;http%3A%2F%2Fapi.ning.com%2Ffiles%2FDmWKX8GKoMkSAydAbNdiQDR0-DYpE3MGxlZvLTYHPea0FvIMNCpWbxxHVxQdgRGMhkrFRUU7am9vAn3wHdO49XfxEy4Nj7ba%2Fpicture116.png;http%3A%2F%2Fmy.englishclub.com%2Fm%2Fblogpost%3Fid%3D2524315%253ABlogPost%253A4424558;359;560>.

"Health Care and Concerns in Brazil." Monica Van Dongen. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <https://org.elon.edu/brazilmagazine/2005/article22.htm>.

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