Byzantine Empire

By: Eric

Essential Question:

How does religion effect the development of an empire?

Background Of Byzantine

The word Byzantine comes from the Greek word Byzantium which is an Ancient Greek colony found by a man named Byzas. It was the residence of the emperor Constantine. After Constantine died, the Roman Empire split into two empires, East Roman Empire, and West Roman Empire. The East Roman Empire would become known as the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire began in 330 A.D. and ended in 1453 A.D.

Religion and Goverment in the Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire had Roman culture even though Rome had fallen. Even though they had Roman cultures  and were Christians, they mostly spoke Greek even though there official language was Latin. The emperor was there ruler as well as the head of the church. Even though the emperor had control of everything, the Senate still remained but had little to no power. Officials were arranged by the emperor and depended on imperial will for their rank. One of there main religious buildings was known as Hagia Sophia which was eventually turned into a mosque by the Ottomans.

Hagia Sophia

Justinian (527-565)

 Justinian was an emperor of the Byzantine Empire. He was one of there greatest emperors he made the empire the most powerful in Europe by taking back western Rome from barbarians. He also knew that their laws were a mess and got together lawyers and judges and wrote Justinian's Code. Justinian's code stated that emperor made and interrupted the laws. Justinian was unable to everything he wanted to do due to the empire being economically unstable.

Fall Of The Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire fell due constantly being attack and didn't have the money to fight back. They had to ask neighbors for helped but it would cost a lot economically later. Even with neighboring military help, the Byzantine was forced to hire mercenaries which also led to there end because mercenaries were unreliable and fought for whoever paid them more. Finally in 1453 A.D., the Ottomans brought an end to the Byzantine Empire.

Legacies of Byzantine Empire

There were multiple legacies left by the Byzantine Empire like Hagia Sophia which was turned into a mosque by the Ottoman who were Muslim. The Bill of Rights was influenced by Justinian's Code. They also influenced the west because that's were they had ran after the Ottomans took over. The Italian renaissance art was also influenced by The Byzantine Empire.

Is it more positive then negative or  more negative then positive to have a supreme ruler?

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