Melanoma (Skin Cancer)

Melanoma (skin cancer)
Info

Melanoma is a cancer that involves a humans skin.  Skin cancer is very bad.  It can kill you.  Melanoma is a dangerous cancer.  If you have skin cancer you skin will change different and It will mess your skin up.  Skin cancer can make you heart stop.  If you want to treat skin cancer you have to cut out you skin to stop it from spreading.  That is the only way to treat skin cancer.  This is a patient  with a  doctor.  

Symptoms

A spot on the skin that changes in color, size and shape and turns red or a new spot on the skin. Edges of a mole that are ragged, notched, or blurred.  The spot that is larger than 6 millimeters across or one half of the spot or mole does not match the other half.

Possible Causes

Sun exposure, moles, skin type, personal history or weakened immune system.

Cancer Growth

Cancer grows when cells break away from the original tumor and spread though the bloodstream or the lymphatic system, forming other tumors in organs such as the lungs, liver or brain.  This process is called metastasis.  

stages of skin cancer

stage 0 - is noninvasive tumors that have not got below the surface of the skin.

stage 1 - cancer cells have grown deeper into the skin but have not spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.

stage 2 - cancer cells have grown deeper into the skin, or have more high-risk factors, but still have not spread to the lymph nodes.

stage 3 - cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to distant organs.

stage 4 - cancer cells have spread beyond the skin and regional lymph nodes to distant organs such as the liver, lungs or brain or distant lymph nodes and areas of the skin.   This is the stages of metastasis.                     

treatment

There are several ways to treat skin cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation,  or topical medications. Surgery is the most common treatment and involves numbing the area of the tumor and cutting it out of the skin.  Chemotherapy is a drug that kills cancer cells.  The drug is injected into a vein or taken as a pill.  It travels through the body and attacks cancer cells.  Radiation is when high energy rays are used to kill cancer.  And topical medication is a type of chemotherapy in a cream or lotion form that is applied to the top layer of skin to kill cancer.

survival rates

If skin cancer is caught early, the five-year survival rate is 91% and skin cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or near lymph nodes is 62%. Skin cancer is the easiest cancer to treat and cure if caught early.  Remission is when the cancer stops. Its still in your body but it can start moving again.

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