By Casey Landefeld and Rachel Bohannon
Why do differences in religion and ideas lead to conflict?
The crusades were a series of military expeditions between 1096 and 1204. The Christians set out to capture back the holy land from the Muslims. The crusades were called an act of penance, which was a way to pay back God for sins they had committed. This made them very popular and all sorts of people from all social levels joined in on the crusades.
The early crusades were successful for the western European Christians. In the first crusade the Christians went on the attack and succeeded in taking control of Jerusalem and other cities in the Holy Land. The second crusade was to help protect the lands captured from the Muslims.
Saladin was a leader of the Muslims during the crusades. As the Muslims continued to attack the Christians in the holy land he brought the Muslims in the area together. He led them to a major victory at the battle of horns and then easily took back control of Jerusalem.
The loss of Jerusalem led to the third crusade. They failed in recapturing Jerusalem but ended with a treaty with Saladin that allowed Christians to go to Jerusalem. The crusaders never tried to recapture Jerusalem again.
Did the Christians accomplish anything with the crusades?
The Christians did accomplish something with the crusades. It may not have been what they wanted exactly, but they did end up being able to go visit the Holy Land and Jerusalem peacefully as pilgrims.
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