Exploring Ancient Egypt!

By: Jordyn Milou

Stable Food Supply

The Egyptians lived down near the river. This was useful for drinking, bathing, and growing crops. The Egyptians used irrigation systems for their farms. They dug canals or trenches to get water over their crops. They also had a water wheel and they crated a bucket called the shaduf. These inventions helped the Egyptians contain a stable food supply.

The Egyptians grew wheat, barely, figs, melons, pomegranates, and vines. They also grew flax which was made into linen. Lastly, they grew vegetables such as onions, cabbages, beans, leeks, cucumbers, and lettuce. The Egyptians were one healthy group!

Social Structure

The pyramid shows that the slaves and peasants were at the bottom and there was lots of them. It also shows that there was one pharaoh at the top who ruled.

Religion

Ancient Egyptians believed in many gods but some of the most important ones they worshipped were Ra, Anubis, Osiris, and Horus. They believe Ra created the whole world! Basically its like Ra is everywhere since he created the world! They believed Anubis was the go of funerals and death. In honor of Anubis, he was painted on the tombs to protect the dead in afterlife. Anubis supervised embalming. The Ancient Egyptians believed Osiris was the god of the Underworld. Osiris was killed by his brother, Seth who was jealous of him. Seth wanted to be king which Osiris was. The amazing thing is Osiris's wife brought him back to life. This is why Osiris is the god of the Underworld and when a pharaoh dies they become an Osiris! Ancient Egyptians also believed in an important god names Horus.They believed Horus was a sky god. Horus was the son of Osiris and Isis. Horus fought for his father, Osiris when Seth killed him. Although Horus's father came back to life Horus fought Seth and Horus lost his eye. Since Horus fought he is powerful and gives power to each pharaoh! Ra, Anubis, Osiris, and Horus were all important gods and there is many more!

Ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife. A person's body remained with their dead spirit if afterlife. A technique the Egyptians used was embalming. The first step to embalming is remove the body's organs (lungs, brain, and liver). The Egyptians only left the heart so it can judge a dead person's soul. 70 days later, the body was washed and oiled. Soon the body was wrapped and a mask was placed over the head. Rich people were placed in a box and others were buried with loaves of bread. Death was honored deeply by the Ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians believed in afterlife, so they properly wrapped each person to give them a life in the afterlife!

System of Government

In Ancient Egypt everyone was ruled by the pharaoh. Khufu, Senusret, Hatshepsut, and Ramese II were important pharaoh's. Khufu ruled from 2251 to 2528 B.C.E. Not much is known about Khufu. Khufu did have magnificent pyramids built as tombs. Khufu was responsible for the building of the Great Pyramid of Giza! Lastly, he controlled a large network of government officials. This large network of government officials carried out laws. Khufu declared himself a god and kept everything orderly. Senusret ruled from 1971 to 1926 B.C.E. Senusret hand many shrines, temples, and religious monuments built and improved when he was pharaoh. For example, he built the White Chapel. Senusret flourished in art, literature, and architecture. Senusret was another great pharaoh. Hatshepsut ruled from 1473 to 1458 B.C.E. Hatshepsut had an outstanding achievement of becoming Ancient Egypt's first female pharaoh! She rose to power and demanded respect. Seh filled her government up with loyal advisers. Hatshepsut flourished trading and even went to the African Kingdom of Punt to trade! That is really far! She had a beautiful kingdom and left it in good hands. She decorated the temple walls and had a great temple. Her great temple had 200 sphinx statues that were magnificent! Also, at the entrance were two tall and thin monuments. These monuments were called obelisks. Hatshepsut was one great pharaoh! Rameses II ruled from 1290 to 1224 B.C.E. Ramses II was referred to Rameses the Great. He was one of the most famous pharaoh's. He had hundreds of statues of himself that were over 60 feet tall! He was a great fighter as well as a great peacemaker. He signed the first official treaty the Hittities. Ramses the Great had a main temple called the temple complex at Aby Simbel that he was well known for. He was one remarkable pharaoh! All these pharaoh's and others were considered a god on earth. Since the pharaoh was considered a god on earth they kept everything orderly. Nobody wanted to upset the god on earth!

The Arts

Ancient Egyptians had lots of different arts. They had music which was entertainment for the guests as they ate. Musicians were often women, not men. They played lots of different instruments such as flutes, harps, rattles, and guitarlike instruments (lutes). The guests enjoyed the music and often clapped along to the music like we do today! Dancing was also an entertainment for guests as they ate!

Paintings and sculptures were other arts the Egyptians made. Paintings and sculptures were made from artisans. Most artisans were men. Artisans made some of the most beautiful art objects in the ancient world. They made scenes of Egyptian every day life as well. Artisans made statues that were beautiful. Sculptures were demanding and took a lot of time to build!

Architecture was also an important art because of the great pyramids and temples they built.

Advances in Technology

Ancient Egyptians had a water wheel which helped keep a stable food supply. They had medicines which helped keep them healthy. The medicines were not as advanced as now days but it did help. The Egyptians created a toothbrush and toothpaste to keep their teeth clean. The bread the Egyptians ate was very messy and without a toothbrush and toothpaste their teeth would be a mess! They also built ships to sail across the Nile River. Egyptians also used the ships to trade. They also used mathematics. Mathematics helped the Egyptians use numbers to keep track of business transitions. Lastly, Egyptians also invented some make-up! Everyone wore the make-up, it was a fashion statement! The Ancient Egyptians had many advances in technology!

Written Language

Ancient Egyptians had a written language called hieroglyphs. This was a very complicated form of writing! It is more difficult than what we use today! Egyptians used tablets, walls, or a type of paper called papyrus to write on. People could understand this writing because hieroglyphs because of two reasons. One reason is a french soldier found a special stone in the City of Rosetta. This stone is called the Rosetta Stone. This helps people to read hieroglyphics. Another reason is hieroglyphs use sounds like our written language that we use today. This is the only thing our written language and hieroglyphs has in common. Otherwise they are completely different!

Connection #1

Religion was very important to the Ancient Egyptians and it is to me as well. Ancient Egyptians were always honoring their gods by having celebrations for them. Ancient Egyptians honored their gods and even believed the pharaoh was a god on earth. Ancient Egyptians tried as hard as they could to please their gods. I am very religious and try to go to Church every Sunday. I go to CCD and participate in a religious group. I help others to show my respect and believe in God. I pray every night and honor out God. Therefore, religion was very important to both the Egyptians and me.

Connection #2

Ancient Egyptians grew fruits and veggies like we do today. The Egyptians grew vegetables like cabbages, cucumbers, and lettuce. We grow foods just like that today. My family grows some foods like basil. Its interesting to see how the Egyptians grew kinds of food just like we do today!

Lettuce grown by the Egyptians and us today

Connection #3

The Ancient Egyptians had arts that are similar to now days. Ancient Egyptians made music through some of the same instruments that we use today. Ancient Egyptians used flutes, harps, and rattles which is what we use today. They also used a guitarlike instrument called lutes. I used to play the guitar and it reminds me of Ancient Egypt and their lute. I know music is important today to raise money and just to entertain others. In Ancient Egypt many years ago, music was used as entertainment for the guests as they ate. Its really cool to look back and see actually how much you have in common with Ancient Egypt!

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