by: Cassandra Gonzalez

Argentina is the second biggest country in South America. Buenos Aires is its capital. Spanish is Argentina's national language but Italian and German is also widely spoken by descendants of immigrants from those countries. The population of over 43 million is 97% of European descent, while most of the remaining 3% are indigenous or mestizo. Around 92% of the population is Roman Catholic. Argentina's life expectancy is about 76 years.

"Argentina: Country Overview." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

Some of the top major cities in Argentina are the capital Buenos Aires, with a population of 13, 076, 300 people, Córdoba with a population of 1, 428, 214, and Rosario with a population of 1, 173, 533. The largest lake in Argentina is Lake Argentino. It lies between Los Glaciares National Park and it's a 362,000 acre-lake. In the Nahuel Huapi National Park, one of the most largest and most important lakes is called the Nahuel Huapi which covers almost 400 square miles and is more than 800 feet deep. The Iguazu Falls that cascade from the Iguazu River are one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world. The falls feature 275 cascades spread over almost two miles of the river, making it four times larger than the Niagara Falls in New York.

"Argentina: Landforms & Climate." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

Argentina's climate is generally temperate, but there are great variations, from the extreme heat of the northern Chaco region, through the pleasant mild climate of the central pampas, to the subantarctic cold of the glacial regions of southern Patagonia. The average yearly rainfall in Buenos Aires, Argentina is 37 inches annually. The highest temperature ever recorded in the extreme north was 120°F and the lowest temperature recorded was 3°F in the southernmost tip of the country.

"Argentina: Landforms & Climate." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

Argentina is a constitutional democracy that gained it's independence from Spain on July 9, 1816. It's current president is Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Known in Spanish as Republica Argentina, the nation compromises 23 provinces, the territory of Tierra Del Fuego, and the Federal District of Buenos Aires. 92% of Argentina's population is Roman Catholic making that the country's major religion. The Argentine diet centers around beef, and since the beef produced in Argentina is of such high quality, it is often prepared simply as steak. The classic dish of working Argentines is a beef stew called puchero that may contain a wide variety of vegetables. In the coastal cities, the influence of Italian immigrants has made pasta very popular, often served with the cream sauces of northerm Italy. Argentinians enjoy such vegetables as eggplant, squash, and chard, and often prepare them in tarts called pasteles. In the interior provinces Argentinians eat more of such stews as locro, which contains meat, tripe, corn, potatoes, and seasonings. Everywhere empanadas are a favorite food. These pastries may be filled with seasoned meat, ham and cheese, or vegetables. The classic Argentine dessert is alfajores danubio, a cookie-like confection filled with dulce de leche, a sweetened milk preserve similar to caramel. "Revolucion de Mayo" is a major holiday in Argentina. This holiday takes place each May 25. "Fiesta del Trigo" is another big holiday which takes place in Leones at the end of February and lasts through the first week of march. The "Buenos Aires Tango Festival" is a popular holiday in Argentina. It's held annually for nine days and nine nights during the end of February and beginning of March. Argentina's national game is soccer. They have won several World Cup titles in 1978 and 1986. Since the Argentinian team won the first Olympic gold medal in polo in 1924, Argentinians have dominated the sport. Pato, basketball, field hockey, horse racing, water sports, and tennis are all also important sports in Argentina.

"Argentina: Food and Holidays." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

"Argentina: Government." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

Some crazy and unusual laws Argentina has are featherbeds are illegal, if it's a hot day and you have a horse with you, you must put a hat on it, and it is illegal to sell any alcohol on elections day. The national flag of Argentina has three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue with a yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May centered in the white band. The colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun. The capybara, jaguar, and colorful birds are some native animals of Argentina.

"Argentina flag." Flag. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

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