Foothills Stem Week
Project Overview:The purpose of this project is to build a structure that can withstand weights, pressures, wind and other natural forces. Real architects consider all factors that could damage a building over time like weathering, or even earthquakes. Their goal is to construct a structure that lasts through all conditions and requires minimal repairs. We share this goal. Our structure must withstand a variety or weighs using common supplies which alone are week but together form a strong building; considering historical architecture and methods that have been proven to work.
History: The three historical structures that we researched are the Leaning Tower of Piza in Italy, the Empire State Building in New York City, and the Pyramids of Giza. We felt that the pyramids were important because they are structures dating back to almost 4,600 years ago. Because these structures have lasted so long, it is vital that we research their methods of construction that have prevented weathering on its strong walls. Some of the pyramids took over 50 years to build; although we only have a week, we can mimicthe same types of methods. Many people have asked why the Egyptians didn't make a cube or rectangle, and the answer is that pyramids can end up with a structure three times taller, which makes good use of materials. The Leaning Tower of Piza has a similar structure to ours in the way that they both have the cylinder shape. We are aiming towards having ours be more wide and shirt rather that tall and thin. We also don't want ours to lean the way the tower in Italy does. The Empire State building is a great example of a well-built skyscraper. It is 1,250 feet tall to the tip. This hight still hasgreat strength and support because of its strong base. We want to give our structure a strong base as well to try and weigh it down while still meeting the hight requirements. Architects face these challenges all the time while creating the most famous buildings in the world.
Terms: Equilibrium- a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced. Rigidity- a quality found in objects that don't bend. Tension- the pulling force exerted by each end of a string, cable, chain, or similar one-dimensional continuous object, or by each end of a rod, truss member, or similar three dimensional object. Compression-the action of compressing or being compressed.
Materials and Roles: The roles in this project include: Eden Smith as our Journalist, Jonah Bethers as the Design Engineer, Hunter Greene as the Strength Engineer and Allison Kundrata as the Height Engineer. We will be using Elmer's glue, manilla folders, rubber bands, and masking tape. The rubber bands will provide strength and will bind the structure together. The tape will make it so we don't need to glue all folders, which would take time to dry. These are some of the strategies we are trying to utilize to make the strongest structure as possible while meeting the requirements.
Design: In this project our Design Engineer , Jonah Bethers, has designed a layout of the structure. Our plan is to form a drum-like structure that resembles a cylinder. We will roll the folders and wrap them in rubber bands upright. A second folder will be wrapped around the rolls as well to ensure strength. We will wrap the entire structure in tape and rubber bands; the rubber will help the weights stay in place.
Strength: Our Strength Engineer is Hunter Greene. Our structure is going to hold up all the natural forces such as wind, earthquakes, temperature change and any others becuase of our wide drum shape.
Height: Allison Kundrata is the Height Engineer the secret behind this building from withstanding to falling down is that at the bottom is the support beams located all around and inside the structure. The beams are either metal or steel, they help support the building from swaying from the incoming city winds.
Pasos en Español:
1. Enrollamos las carpetas.
2. Pagamos las carpetas juntos con cinta.
3. Envolvemos con cinta todas las carpetas.
4. Pegamos las carpetas por arriba y por abajo.
5. Envolvemos la estructura con ligas.
- 1. Cinta
- 2. Diez carpetas
- 3. Ligas
- 4. Pegamento