Geographic Understandings of Georgia

Describe Georgia with regard to physical features and location

Georgia's location in the world: Northern and Western Hemispheres

Georgia within North America: USA

Georgia within the the United States: Southeast

The five regions of Georgia.  Appalachian Plateau, Valley and Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont and Coastal Plains.

Appalachian Plateau: smallest region of Georgia (Dade County).  Know for coal mining and Lookout Mountain.  Do not confuse with the Appalachian Mountains.

Valley and Ridge:  Known for the Ridges that run from north to south.  The valleys create good farm land.  The region is also know for the textile and carpet industries and cities like Dalton.

Blue Ridge Mountain region:  located in the northeast corner of the state.  The Blue Ridge is the coolest (temp wise) in the region.  It receives the most rain fall in the state.  The region was the location of the first gold rush in the United States in 1828 and today is a popular tourist attraction.

Piedmont:  Home to the most people and biggest cities in Georgia(Atlanta, Athens, Newnan :) ).  Rolling terrain makes up the Piedmont region.  The Piedmont is also home to more industry than any other region of Georgia.  Cars and planes are built here and major corporations such as Coke make their home here.  The region is also home to some of the best peaches in the world and a very large poultry industry.

Coastal Plains:  The largest region in Georgia.  You will find flatter terrain, lots of farmland (Onions, cotton, peanuts), Trees for the lumber industry, and fishing and shipping along the coastline of the region.


6 physical features of Georgia; Fall line, Okefenokee Swamp, Appalachian Mountains, Chattahoochee River, Savannah River, Barrier Islands

Fall line: Separates the Coastal Plains and Piedmont regions of Georgia.  Rivers along the fall line have many waterfalls making travel by boat very difficult.  This is why many cities developed along the fall line so that goods could be transferred from boats to trains and wagons. Sources of water north of the fall line come from reservoirs and Aquifers to the south of the fall line.

Okefenokee Swamp: The second largest freshwater swamp in the U.S.A. Home to more than 1,000 types of plants and animals.  Located in the Coast Plains region of Georgia.

Appalachian Mountains: located within the Blue Ridge region on Georgia.  Home to the first gold rush in the United States in 1828.  Tourism is a major form of economic activity in the Appalachia Mountains.

Chattahoochee River: Runs mostly through the Piedmont and Coastal Plains regions.  The Chattahoochee provides drinking water, hydroelectricity and entertainment to Georgians.  It forms part of Georgia's western boarder with Alabama.

Savannah River: Runs through the Piedmont and Coastal Plains regions of Georgia.  Serves as a major port for shipping into and out of Georgia.  The Savannah River also serves as the eastern boarder between Georgia and South Carolina.

Barrier Islands:  Located in the Coastal Plains Region of Georgia.  Barrier Islands served as a military defense in the early days of Georgia.  Today, they provided protecting from hurricanes and a popular tourist attraction.  Some barrier islands include Saint Simon's island and Cumberland island.