Slavery and States
The USA Is Safe For Now!
The Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state. However it created a line at the parallel of 36 30' north above which no more slave states were to be created out of the land gained in the Louisiana Purchase. This Compromise of 1820 aimed to resolve tension between the pro and anti slavery groups and states. The Compromise also allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state but also admitted Maine as a free state in order to keep the balance of the number of slave and free states. James Tallmadge Jr proposed an amendment to the bill in 1819, known as the Tallmadge Amendment, requesting that Missouri be entered as a free state. Congress ruled the proposal as unconstitutional because they believed the decision lay with the people and not congress. The later Compromise of 1850 was a group of laws that again aimed to relieve pro-slave vs anti-slave tension. It admitted California as a free state and allowed other territories to vote to determine if they would be a free or slave state among a few other things.
It is important whether a state was free or slave because their economies were different whether they were based on agriculture or more industrial. The difference in economy along with the moral disparity between slave and free states started the division among states. This divide eventually reached a breaking point and the two halves were ripped apart during the civil war when no more compromises could be used as bandaids to hold the United States together. It is worth noting that not all slave states succeeded from the Union.
This picture shows how divided the states really were. The 36'30 line shows us where the states would be divided to free and slave states. This line would relax the threat of conflict at the time but would deeply affect our unity later on. The line ended up having little import because later acts would have allowed slave states above the 36 30'.
-Henry Clay played a big part in the settling of arguments about slavery in states. He helped with two of the compromises. His help kept the US together for as long as possible at the time.
-These compromises could barely hold us together up untill the Civil War.
This political cartoon shows that the northerners thought that the allowance of slavery in the country was forcing them to go against their beliefs. They particurally thought that the Democrats were to blame which is shown in the cartoon by one of the guys standing on a "Democratic Platform". The cartoon was likely created by a northerner or "free-soiler". Also this cartoon likely was created after the Kansas-Nebraska Act or during Bleeding Kansas. The slave/free designation was going to be decided through a vote. Both sides somewhat unethically sent people to Kansas to vote for their position and some violent conflicts broke out. All of this is the reason that the man holding the northerners hair is standing on "Kansas".