Key Elements to Gaining Power
Pg. 20 "We're Having a meeting, come and join in. The group of cloaked boys began to scatter from close line. The tall boy shouted at them, choir! stand still!"
This quote shows that Ralph is naturally liked by people and the boys flock to him for leadership.
Pg. 20 "But Merridew, please Merridew... cant we..?"
At the beginning of the story Jack already has a number of followers from his choir which brings him power. They ask him for permission before pursuing their own thoughts or ideas.
Pg. 161 "The chief's blush was hidden by the white and red clay. Into his uncertain silence the tribe spilled their murmur once more. Then the chief held up his hand. We shall take fire from the others."
Jake makes a decision on how his tribe is to get fire and that in return supplies him with power. Others did not know what to do in the situation and by making the final decision he has been given authority over how to proceed.
Pg. 127 "'Hands up', said Jack strongly, 'whoever wants Ralph to not be chief?'"
Jack is not satisfied with how Ralph has been running things on the island so he is trying to remove Ralph and take over as leader. In making this move he makes himself a leader in competition with Ralph which could bring him a lot of power if he is successful.
How Does Power Affect Society?
It's never enough. No, it's never enough.
Pg. 51 "But I shall! Next time! I've got to get a barb on this spear! We wounded a pig and the spear fell out. If we could only make barbs.."
Jack has been given the responsibility of leading the hunters. His inability to do this successfully is challenged by Ralph who simply asks that if they can't get anything that they should come help build the housing units. Jack is stubborn and blames their lack of success on a lack of tools and weaponry. He refuses to let go of this leadership role because he craves to be in charge.
More power equals more influence
Pg. 148 "P'raps we ought to go too."
Piggy is drawn to Jack's tribe because it is clear that he has the power. Most of the other boys have given in to Jack's influence, and Piggy is starting to as well.
Important Aspects of Having Power
Power grants the ability to lead
Pg. 151 "Jack leapt on to the sand. Do our dance! Come on! Dance! He ran stumbling though the thick sand to the open space of rock beyond the fire. Between the flashes of lightning the air was dark and terrible; and the boys followed him clamorously."
Jack is in charge of his own tribe now. Despite the oncoming storm, Jack demands that his followers reenact the killing of the pig. This throws the group into a frenzy which soon ends with the innocent Simon falling to the center of the dance, and being murdered. Jack led the boys into these actions and was able to, due to the power he received by making his own tribe.
Power is more responsibility
Pg. 94 "We're all drifting and things are going rotten. At home there was always a grownup. Please, sir; please, miss; and then you got an answer. How I wish!"
Ralph is stressed because by being in charge, he is expected to make all the decisions. He has the power, but the responsibility of it is driving him crazy.