Argentina

the South American country

History:

    Argentina is located in the continent of South America. It stretches 4,000 km from north to south. The country is full of diversity and different cultures, but they mostly use "pesos," the Mexican currency, as their form of payment. The land there is very green, with jungles, mountains, and plains. It was first discovered and used by many "indigenous" tribes. When the first European arrived in 1516, the tribes killed him. Therefore, the first government was not formed until 1810.

Religion:

     Argentina's major religion is Roman Catholic, and other forms of Christianity. Most  religious activities hosted in Argentina are based on Catholicism. However, Argentina also has the largest population of Muslims in Latin America. The country also has the fifth largest Jewish population in the world! Overall, Argentina is a very diverse country, but the majority of its people are catholic.

Political and Social Organization:

    Much like the U.S, Argentina has a president and vice president. Each are elected by popular vote every 4 years. They can serve up to 2 terms. The Legislative power is shared by a Senate, and a Lower Chamber. The Senate consists of 3 people from each province and Buenos Aires. The Lower Chamber includes 200+ members, who represent the people of Argentina. Each province has their own government, but Argentina's constitution states that they must follow federal legislature first.

Economy:

Argentina has a rich economy, with lots of natural resources and agriculture. Their main agricultural products are fruit, wheat, beef, and maize. The country has had several crisis's economy wise, especially in the 20th century. They included severe depression and debt. But by the 21st century, they got back on their feet. Argentina has a lot of reserves containing minerals, oil, gas, and uranium.

Education:

   By law, all children between ages of 6 and 14 have to go to school. Like the U.S, free education is available to everyone. Unfortunately, there is an increasing drop-out rate at the age of 14, when most start high school. School curricular consists of math, science, languages, art, history, sports, and geography. The country's public university system is also free of charge, a huge advantage.

Security/Protection:

Generally, Argentina is a relatively safe country. The most serious crimes are theft and robbery, such as purse/wallet grabbing. Street crime is especially dangerous in Buenos Aires. The country has a safe police force. But as extra protection, people are always advised with the fact that criminals are armed and should meet their demands for their own protection.

Language:

The official language in Argentina is Spanish. However, Argentina is diverse all over the country. Other common languages used there are English, German, French, and Italian. Although Spanish is a universal language, several phrases are different. For example, if a Mexican soccer player and Argentinean soccer player tried having a conversation, they wouldn't be as fluent in the other's way of speaking.

Climate Region:

   The weather in Argentina is overall warm. One interesting fact is that the seasons are reversed over there. So for them, June and July are the coldest months, and January is the warmest. The climate also depends on the elevation you're located in. Up in the mountains it gets very cool, but by the beach its extremely hot!

Food:

 Argentina has a very well developed food taste. The country has one of the biggest wine collections in the world. In fact, Argentina is famous for its wine and beef. The cuisine culture is influenced greatly by Europe, but also contains many Spanish traditions in the food. But in the end, all the dishes have their own Argentinean twist to them.

Shelter:

    Shelter in Argentina depends crucially in where you live. In Buenos Aires and other big cities, people traditionally live in apartments. However, the poorer side of the people living in Argentina settle for small housing in shabby areas. Overall, most Argentinian housing is small, with several people to a room. Apartments count for 3/4 of Buenos Aires.

Relationships with Family:

     Family is important in Argentina. The majority of families living in this country are close and spend time together. In fact, most leisure time is spent going out with your loved ones. Another important fact about family relationships is that a lot of it is centered towards religion. Families come closer each year at Christmas, or the holiday they celebrate.

Creative Expression:

    Entertainment is always valued in Argentina. Soccer is the most common sport there, but rugby, tennis, swimming, and almost every sport is practiced. Art is all over the cities and towns. Best of all, in Argentina, music and dancing is the number one source of fun. Parties and dances are a major part in Argentinian culture.

CITATIONS:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profil...

http://argentina.angloinfo.com/moving/country-file...

http://www.argentina.org.au/education.htm

http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/fa...

http://southamericanfood.about.com/od/exploresouth...

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/33657/Ar...

                               Valle De La Luna, Argentina. Argentina. By Tara Garcia.

        A Common Street Scene in Argentina‚Äôs Larger Cities. Argentina. By Tara Garcia.

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