WW I AND WW II
Effects of WW I
- The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
- WWII and the Holocaust
- The Great Depression
- The Cold War
- The collapse of European Colonialism
- The downfall of monarchies in Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Turkey.
- Financial troubles in European countries
A type of land warfare consisting largely of trenches. Trench Warfare was used as protection from the enemies' artillery and used in WWI. Trenches were protected by barb wire, and both sides used this. The area between the barbed wire was called "no man's land".
Some battles of world war one consist of-
•The Battle of the Frontiers-1914
•The Battle of the Marne-1914 to 1918
•The Battle of Cambria-1917
The Battle of the Frontiers was in 1914 was fought between Germany and allied forces of the Western Front during a four-day period in August 1914 begin near Ardennes and Charleroi in northern France.
The World War I First Battle of the Marne featured the first use of radio intercepts and automotive transport of troops in wartime. After French commander in chief Joseph Joffre ordered an offensive in September 1914, General Michel-Joseph Maunoury’s French Sixth Army opened a gap between Germany’s First and Second Armies.
The World War I Battle of Cambrai marked the first large-scale use of tanks for a military offensive. Led by General Julian Byng, a British force of nine infantry divisions, five cavalry divisions and three tanks brigades sprung a surprise attack near Cambrai, France, on November 20, 1917. Although the British tanks and infantry overwhelmed German defenses on the first day, the cavalry exploitation was slow to develop. On Nov. 30, the Germans counterattacked and regained most of the ground lost. Officially finished by Dec. 7, the battle decisively demonstrated the power of tanks and altered the course of future warfare.
Causes of WWI
The direct cause of WWI that got countries in Europe fighting was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. However, America only joined the war when Germany sank the Lusitania, a British passenger ship. This ship had many Americans on it, and Britain was America's ally, so America joined the war.
Treaty of Versailles
That was one of the peace treaties that ended the state of war between Gremany and pathetic Allied Powers.
Causes of WWII
In Europe, the cause of WWII were Britain and France declaring war on Germany after it invaded Poland, Italian fascism, Japanese militarianism, and invasions of China in the 1930s. The biggest cause of WWII in Europe, the one that caused all of these, was the German takeover of Hitler and his Nazi Party in 1933. In America, however, the USA joined the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941.
In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. The alignment of nearly every European nation into one of the two opposing camps formalized the political division of the European continent that had taken place since World War II (1939-45). This alignment provided the framework for the military standoff that continued throughout the Cold War (1945-91).
The Atomic Bomb
The Atomic bomb was created during World War 2 as a weapon of mass destruction. At approximately 8.15am on 6 August 1945 a US B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, instantly killing around 80,000 people. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, causing the deaths of 40,000 more. The dropping of the bombs, which occurred by executive order of US President Harry Truman, remains the only nuclear attack in history.
Women's Role in WWII
During World War II, about 350,000 women served in the U.S. Armed Forces, both at home and abroad. They included the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots, who on March 10, 2010, were awarded Congressional Gold Medals. Meanwhile, widespread male enlistment left gaping holes in the industrial labor force. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home.
The Holocaust was a mass killing of Jews led by Hitler and his Nazi party. Around 5 to 6 million Jews were killed out of the 9 million total Jews in Europe. Jews were constantly being stripped from their homes, taken to concentration camps, and thrown in gas chambers to suffocate on toxic gases until they died. Anne Frank was a Jew who went into hiding for two years until being killed, and she wrote about her experiences during that time. People still read her book, The Diary of Anne Frank, to this very day
Adolf Hitler was a totalitarian . He was born April 20th 1889 and died April 30th 1945.The Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options. In 1932, Hitler ran against Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election, garnering more than 35 percent of the vote in the final election. The election established Hitler as a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor in order to promote political balance.
1. December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor This was possibly the most important war during WWII for America. It was the war that forced the U.S. to join the world war. The attack on Pear Harbor was brought by the Japanese Empire. 2. June 6, 1944 D-Day The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on June 6, 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
Effects of World War Two
Enormous technological progress was made during the war. The English developed radar which would be the forerunner of television. Progress in electronics and computers, made during the war, provided a foundation for further development which fundamentally transformed the postwar world.
The development of the atomic bomb by European and American scientists during the war, not only transformed the nature of potential future wars, it marked the beginning of the nuclear power industry. The struggle for national independence of non-European peoples was greatly enhanced and stimulated by the war. The weakness of England and France, the two major European imperial powers, provided opportunities. The stage was set for the collapse of European empires in the 3 decades following the war. New technology, developed during the war to fight disease, would, when applied to the non-European world, result in sharply lower mortality rates and soaring population growth. The war killed 55 million in total,many of which were Jews.