8th Grade Health
- The endocrine system is made up of glands located throughout the body.
- The chemicals secreted by the endocrine glands are called hormones.
- The endocrine glands work by responding to signals from the brain or from the pituitary gland.
Male Reproductive System
- During puberty the testes produce testes produced testosterone and the sperm.
- The urethra is the tube that carries urine and sperm to the outside of the body.
- The testes are two small glands that produce sperm and hormones.
Female Reproductive System
- New life is formed through the process of fertilization.
- Fertilization is when a males sperm cell joins with a female egg .
- In approximately 9 months, the fetus is mature and ready to be born.
- During puberty, egg cells mature and are released by the ovaries on a process called ovulation.
- Ovulation is the release of one mature egg cell each month
- Menstruation usually lasts from 5 to 7 days and happens about every 28 days.
Pregnacy and Labor
- A pregnancy is broken down into trimesters or periods of three months and each is characterized by different physical changes and symptoms.
- Fetus- developing baby from the end of the eighth week after fertilization.
- normal or full term pregnancy lasts 9 full months.
- Most STD's are spread only through sexual contact.
- You cannot tell if someone has an STD by hos or her appearance.
- Many STDs have either very mild or no symptoms.
- One symptom that signals the onset of AIDS is the presence of opportunistic infections
- HIV is spread from person to person through contact with sperm, fluid from vagina ,blood and breast milk.
- HIV does not spread from breathing in the air, being bitten my a mosquio, swimming in a pool or sharing utensils.
- Abstinence is when you abstain form sexual contact.
- Values- beliefs and standards or conducts that are important to a person
- Cultural heritage, religouse beliefs and family traditions influence your values.