Class Review

*Democracy definition

In the dictionary definition democracy is government by the people


Citizens elect people to vote

All citizens vote on everything

  1. Direct Democracy can be defined as a form or system of democracy giving citizens an extraodinary amount of participation in the legislation process and granting them a maximum of political self-determination.


In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)

Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong 2 is considered a dictator


A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

We’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracy


Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power!

Leaders (autocratic or oligarchic) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputes

Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.


Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.

Some modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions

Direct Democracy

Citizens elect people to vote

All citizens vote on everything

Representative Democracy

Representatives are appointed

Representatives are elected


Never have constitutions

Power is inherited


Rule by one

Rule by few


Have total control

Always protect freedom of speech


Come in many forms

Power is always inherited


Power taken through force

Power from a higher being


Everyone does what they want

Everyone follows the laws