Definition: a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world
Haiku's originated from Japan. Basho's real name was Matsuo Kinsaku. He was born somewhere near Ueno in Iga Province. His father was a low-ranking samurai, which would have promised Bashō a career in the military, but that was not what Basho wanted. It was traditionally claimed by biographers that he worked in the kitchens. However, as a child Bashō became a servant of Tōdō Yoshitada, who shared with Bashō a love for haikai no renga, a form of cooperative poetry composition.
Basho and Yoshitada enjoyed writing haiku's. When Yoshitada died, Basho wandered around and once more began to write and publish poetry. His haiku began to attract students. A fire burned his home down. His friends provided him shelter, while he journeyed around. That was the time when he wrote some of his greatest haiku's.
An old silent pond...
A frog jumps into the pond,
splash! Silence again.