Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution occurred because Great Britain was losing money and was putting high taxes on the colonists in the New World. It started when the colonists didn't want to pay the taxes so they boycotted them. Then Great Britain enforced the taxes and put strict laws on the colonists.
Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris was signed by the French and Britain to end the French and Indian war also known as the Seven Years' War. The reason why this event partially caused the American Revolution is because it made Great Britain almost bankrupt from being in so many wars. Great Britain needed a way to get some money so they taxed the colonists in the New World.
Proclamation of 1763 & KING GEORGE III
The Proclamation of 1763, which was issued by King George III, forbade settlers from settling across a drawn line in the Appalachian mountains. This infuriated the settlers, because they saw the new territory as for theirs for the taking.
The sugar act was an act made by the king which cut the molasses tax by half but was enforced to pay those taxes. The act also forced everyone in America to also pay a 3 cent tax on sugar. The colonists were angry the government passed this act without their permission.
The Stamp act required American colonists to pay taxes on every printed paper they used. Ship's papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed.What made the law so offensive to the colonists was not so much its immediate cost but the standard it seemed to set. In the past, taxes and duties on colonial trade had always been viewed as measures to regulate commerce, not to raise money. The Stamp Act, however, was viewed as a direct attempt by England to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislatures.
The Boston Massacre was an incident with the colonists and British soldiers posted at Boston,Massachusetts. A mob of angry colonists were taunting, throwing objects, and were insulting the British soldiers. When one of the soldiers was hit with a bat to the head he accidentally fired his gun and caused the others to fire and kill five people and injure 6 people. This caused the colonists to be even more angry.
The tea Act was an act passed by parliament for colonists to buy the surplus amounts of tea from the East India Company. They sold the tea to the colonists so Great Britain can collect tax money from them, because tea act also taxed tea.
Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the sons of liberty in Boston on December 16,1773. The protesters disguised themselves as Indians, boarded a British tea ship, and threw all the tea into a lake. This was the first strike the colonists made against the British.
The Coercive Acts
The Coercive Acts were a series of four acts established by the British government in order counter attack the colonists. The aim of the British was to restore order in Massachusetts and punish Bostonians for there Tea Party. The four acts the british passed were: The Boston Port Act, which closed the port of Boston until damages from the Boston Tea Party were paid, the Massachusetts Government Act, which restricted Massachusetts; democratic town meetings and turned the governor's council into an appointed body, the Administration of Justice Act, which made British officials immune to criminal prosecution in Massachusetts, the Quartering Act, which required colonists to house and quarter British troops on demand, including in their private homes as a last resort.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord
The Battles of Lexington and Concord was the first military engagement of the American Revolutionary war. They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex county, province of Massachusetts bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy, and Cambridge, near Boston. Paul Revere and some other men warned the minutemen of the towns that the British was coming.
Second Continental Congress Meets
The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun. By the time the Second Continental Congress met, the American Revolutionary War had already started with the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The Congress was to take charge of the war effort. For the first few months of the struggle, the Patriots had carried on their struggle in an ad-hoc and uncoordinated manner. They had seized arsenals, driven out royal officials, and besieged the British army in the city of Boston. On June 14, 1775, Congress voted to create the Continental Army out of the militia units around Boston and quickly appointed Congressman George Washington of Virginia as commanding general of the Continental Army. On July 6, 1775 Congress approved a Declaration of Causes outlining the rationale and necessity for taking up arms in the Thirteen Colonies." On July 8, Congress extended the Olive Branch Petition to the British Crown as a final attempt at reconciliation. However, it was received too late to do any good. Silas Deane was sent to France as a minister (ambassador) of the Congress. American ports were reopened in defiance of the Navigation Acts.
Declaration of Independence Adopted
Drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed officially to give America its independence from Great Britain on July 4,1776.