Hau’oli Lanui


Hawai'i was originally the home of the Kanaka Maoli who have inhabited these islands since time immemorial. In 1793 Capt. George Vancouver from Great Britain presented the Union Jack to the conquering king Kamehameha, who was the uniting the islands at the time. The Union Jack, or Flag of United Kingdom, flew unofficially as the Hawaiian flag until 1816. In 1843, King K III increased the number of strips on the national flag, corresponding to the major islands. In 1893 American businesses overthrew the Hawaiian Gov. whereupon they hoisted the Stars and Stripes. Since Pearl Harbor's establishment as a United States military base in 1874, the military has played an important role in Hawaii's economy. With military personnel and their families comprising 10% of Hawaii's population, more civilians work for the military than any other employer in the state.

History: Flag Description

(1) The Hawaiian flag shall consist of eight horizontal stripes, alternately white, red, blue, etc., beginning at the top, having a jack can toned in the Dexter chief angle next to the point of suspension

(2) The jack shall consist of a blue field charged with a compound saltire (crossing) of alternate tincture white and red, the white having precedence; a narrow edge of white borders each red side of the saltire;

(3) A red cross bordered with white is charged (placed) over all;

(4) The proportion shall be as follows:

(A) The fly is twice the hoist ;

(B) The jack is half the hoist  in breadth and 7-16 the fly in length;

(C) The arms of the red cross with border shall be equal in width to one of the horizontal stripes; the white border shall be one-third the width of the red cross;

(D) The arms of the compound saltire are equal in width to the red cross, the tinctures white, red, and the border being in the proportion of 3, 2, 1, respectively.

When the Hawaiian flag is flown from the same halyard as the flag of the United States of America is flown, it shall be underneath the national colors

History: State Fish

This little guy is the Humuhumunukunukuapua'a also known as the Hawaiian state fish. Other names are The Trigger Fish, also called the Rectangle fish. It was declared the state fish in 1985. This p expired after five years, but the Humuhumunukunukuapua’a was still the unofficial state fish. In 2006, the Humuhumunukunukuapua’a once again became the Hawaii state fish. This time it was made permanent. It is one of the smallest state fishes, and also has the longest name of them.

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