The War of 1812
The War Hawks Demand War
Jefferson's popularity soared after the purchase, he was reelected in 1804. The shipping to Europe had been seized due to the fight between France and Britain. America did not focus on France they focused on Britain. Jefferson convinced Congress to declare an embargo, a ban on exporting products to other countries. In November 1811, while Tecumseh was absent, his brother led the Shawnee in an attack on Harrison and his troops.
The War Brings Mixed Results
President Madison had decided to go to war against Britain. Madison believed that Britain was trying to strangle American trade and cripple the American economy. Congress approved the war declaration in early June. By 1814, the British were raiding and burning towns all along the Atlantic coast. The redcoats brushed aside some hastily assembled American troops and entered Washington, D.C.
Blockade- an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
Impressment- colloquially, "the press" or the "press gang", refers to the act of taking men into a navy by force and with or without notice.
Embargo- the particle or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country or a group.
William Hnery Harrison- Vice President of US, term ended in 1841
Tecumseh- Native American leader of the Shawnee and large tribal confederacy
War Hawk- a term used in politics for someone favoring ear in debate over whether to go to war
Andrew Jackson- US President (#7)
Treaty of Ghent- Treaty that ended the war in 1812
Armistice- An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time.