Helping Students Integrate Math and Science, Interacting with Peers

Peer collaboration based on differentiated needs, helps students collect data, interpret it for significant patterns, and make conclusions that further knowledge.


Mathematics helps us to understand science and to design, conduct, and analyze the results of scientific experiments. Science requires us to collect data, interpret it for significant patterns, and make conclusions that further our knowledge. To collect and analyze data, students must be able to apply mathematical content and practices. This includes selecting appropriate tools, using those tools to model the data by describing it mathematically, and reasoning both quantitatively (to understand the data itself) and abstractly (to draw conclusions). Watch this short video to learn how to teach students to apply mathematics skills in science.

Instructional Strategies and Tools

Help your students succeed by focusing on instructional strategies and tools for Supporting Science and Visualizing.

Supporting Science

TIP: Students—especially those who struggle with mathematics—need varied and ongoing support to develop the ability to apply their mathematical abilities to science.

Interacting with Peers

TIP: Exploring math together - discussing, reading, and writing about concepts - can build your students’ mathematical understanding. However, your students need your help to learn how to use their peers as resources, as well as how to be a useful resource for their peers. The strategies given here provide a strong starting point for differentiating instruction. Consider using digital communication methods such as blogs, emails, and text messages. (See UDL Checkpoint 8.3: Foster collaboration and communication(link is external).)

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