Guide to Mental Disorders

Diego Martinez

Mood disorders can cause people's morals to change drastically.

The Different Types of Mental Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders affect around 18% of the U.S. population.

An anxiety disorder is a disorder in which real or imagined threats prevent a person from enjoying life to its fullest. There are several forms of anxiety disorders.

A general anxiety disorder (GAD) is a long-lasting state of anxiousness, tenseness, and tenseness. People with this disorder feel anxious for most of their time even if there's little ot nothing to even worry about. GAD victims usually have physical symptoms as well, such as, fatigue, headaches, muscles tension, muscle aches, difficulty swallowing, trembling, irritability, sweating, increased heart rate, and hot flashes.

An obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder in which a person is plagued by intrusive thoughts or images that they just get get out of their mind, no matter how hard they try. The intrusive thoughts or images are called obsessions. The acts performed ot try to prevents these thoughts or images are called compulsions.

A panic disorder is a disorder in which feelings of terror strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning signs. These feelings are joined by panic attacks. A panic attack is a duration of extreme fear also accompanied by some bodily changes. These bodily changes may include increased heart rate, weakness, faintness, and dizziness. People with a panic disorder cannot predict when a panic attack will occur.

Millions of people have some sort of phobia that affects their daily lives.

A specific phobia is a disorder in which there is an uncontrollable amount of fear of certain objects, situations, or people that pose little to no danger. This feeling of fear is very real to the person, even though the danger is not realistic. A panic attack may strike a person when the feared object, situtation, or person is close by.

A social anxiety disorder is a disorder in which a person is immensly anxious and super self-conscious in social situations. The physical symptoms for this disorder are very similar to the symptoms of one with other anxiety disorders. These people usually feel like they are being watched and judged by the people around them and are terribly afraid of getting embarrassed or humiliated by their actions in front of others.

A post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder in which after-effects of a traumatic event keep a person from living in their usual ways. People with this disorder often have reoccuring thoughts and memories of an event. This may have nightmares and these thoughts during the day. PTSD can result from one traumatic incident or multiple traumatic incidents such as war or abuse, or other causes, such as natural disasters or witnessinga bombing or shooting.

Cognitive disorder

Dementa, a cognitive disorder, often affects people from ages 85 and beyond.

The next type of diorder I will be dicussing is cognitive disorder. A cognitive disorder is a disorder in which a person's brain's functions deteriorates. A type of disease in which brain deterioration affects memory, language, and reasoning is dementia. Dementia is a disease which restricts the brain's ability to memorize things, speak correctly, reason things. This affects most people after the age of 85. Dementia can be fatal.

Conduct Disorder

A conduct disorder is a disorder in which a person demonstrates a repetitive and persistant pattern of behavior of violating the rights of others and breaking social rules. People with this disorder bully others, start fights, and be cruel to animals. They also might be destructive with things and damage property, steal, and set fires. These people love violating rules.e

Eating Disorder

Today, teens are starving themselves to achieve unrealistic body figures.

An eating disorder is a disorder in which a person has a strong desire to starve, binge, or to binge and purge. To binge is to eat large amounts of food in s short period of time and to purge is to get rid of any food in the body of food by vomiting. People with this disorder are more subject to despression, anxiety, and substance abuse.

Anorexia nervosa is a disorder in which a person starves themselves and weighs 15 percent or below the recomended healthful weight. People with this disorder see themselves as overweight. These people have a distorted body image.

Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person eats a large amount of food, and then rid of the food from their body, usually from vomiting.

Binge eating disorder is a disorder which causes people to eat large amounts of food at one time. This disorder greatly increases a person's chances of being obese.

Mood Disorders

A mood disorder is a disorder that causes a person to have moods that are extreme.

Clinical depression is a disorder in which a person has long-lasting feelings of hopelessness, sadness, or helplessness. People are considered clinically depresses if they show five of the nine general symptoms for two weeks or more. These general signs are deep sadness, apathy, fatigue, agitation, sleep disturbances, weight or appetite changes, lack of concentration, feelings or worthlessness, and morbid thoughts.

Bipolar disorder is a disorder in whcih a person experiences extreme mood changes in a short amount of time. There are two phases a person with a bipolar disorder may experience: the manic phase and the depressive phase. The manic phase is when the person is happy, and very talkative, and very grateful about everything. The depressed phase is when the person shows sign of clinical depression.

Season affective disorder is a disorder in which a person feels a type of depression that is caused to reduced exposure to sunlight. People with this disorder will experience this type of depression in the later months of the year (Fall, Winter), where there are shorter days and longer nights.

Personality Disorders

A personality disorder is type of disorder in which a person's patterns of thinking, feeling, acting disturb a person's normal way of life.

Antisocial personality disorder is a disorder that is characterized by a person who does not like dealing with society. These people hate socializing with others and may be insensitive to others' needs.


Schizophrenia is a disorder that causes a person to mental breakdown. This results in very strange, odd behaviors. People with this disorder have hallucinations, delusions, and a distorted perception of reality. This is a non-curable disorder.

Somatoform Disorders

A somatoform disorder is a mental disorder that causes pain, even though it may not have been caused by any outside force. This disorder can cause a lot of stress and frustration to a somatoform disorder victim.

Hypochondria is a mental disorder that causes people to believe that they have a serious or life-threatening disease that has not been diagnosed yet. This can cause a prolonged feeling of anxiety for those affected by it. Hypochondria can cause problems in the affected person's social life, work life, and other areas in their life.