Aids in South Ameca
The Epidemic of AIDS in South AMERICA
Successes have been made in the fight against the spread of HIV and AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbeans , where the infection rate has been stable for the past decade. Although stable , experts say one third of those infected aren’t getting treated and that the disease continues to spread through high risk populations such as infants, pregnant women , young children , elderly adults and people with an acquired immune system.
HIV is particularly high in the Bahamas, Guyana, Haiti and Belize which altogether has a rate of 1.1%. HIV in most countries tends to be higher among men than women of the same age with the exception of Guyana, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago and Dominican Republic , where HIV in women doubles when compared to men. A USAID report cited one study that found men in South and Central America “ were 33 times more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population.” (globalpost.com).
Unprotected sex is the main factor of risk in most countries of the region,other factors of risk are having sex with multiple sexual partners, adolescent pregnancy, addiction to drugs, and other sexually transmitted diseases which significantly increase the likelihood of infection during intercourse.
What is the country trying to do for people with AIDS and HIV? Most countries in Latin America and the caribbeans fund their own HIV response program.Domestic sources accounted for 93.6 percent of overall spending, according to a report last year published by National Institutes of Health. Their growing economies have helped fund big increases in health care spending. ( globalpost.com) .
The consensus that systematic use of condoms when practicing sex with non- customary partners reduces the risk of being infected with HIV by sexual transmission. It is particularly important for young
people who frequently have the highest rates of HIV infection have a low exposure to the infection and have a rather higher number of casual partners. (cepal.org/mdg).