1960s Timeline

By: Austin Yattoni

1960

Woolworth Sit-in

February 1 - Four black students did a sit-in at a Woolworth luncheon counter when they were denied service. This sparked hundreds more sit-ins across the country.

April 1 - The first weather satellite, Tiros I,was launched into orbit, along with the first navigation satellite, Transat 1-b, on the 13th.

May 1 - A United States reconnaissance plane was shot down in the Soviet Union and pilot Gary Powers was captured. This was one of many events in the Cold War.

1961

Berlin Wall

April 17 - The Bay of Pigs invasion failed when the US tried to overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba.

May 25 - President John F. Kennedy announces his plan to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.

August 23 - The Berlin Wall was constructed, separating West Germany from East Germany, communism from democracy. It stoodfor 28 years.

1962

James Meredith

February 20 - John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth. This tied the space race with the Soviet Union who did the same in 1961

October 1 - James Meredith was the first black student admitted to the University of Mississippi. He was accompanied by three thousand troops to control the riots.

October 14 - The Cuban Missile Crisis begins. President Kennedy ordered an air and naval blockade of military imports to Cuba after the Soviet Union built dangerous missiles in Cuba.

1963

July 25 - The United States, Great Britain, and Soviet Union, agree to the Limited Test Ban Treaty which prohibited all above ground nuclear tests.

August 28 - Over 200,000 people attend the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. This is where Dr. Martin Luther King gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

November 22 - President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas. The murder gave birth to countless conspiracy theories.

1964

January 23 - The 24th Amendment was ratified denying Congress or any state from not allowing people to vote because of a tax or any kind.

February - The Beatles visit the US and return for tours throughout the year causing a change in the popular music in the United States.

1964 marks the end of the Baby Boomer Generation. After World War II, between 1946 and 1964, 77.3 million babies were born in the United States causing a major expansion in the U.S. economy.

1965

February 7 - President Johnson ordered the bombing of Vietnam below the 20th parallel.

February 21 - Malcolm X, a prominent human rights activist, was assassinated in Harlem, New York.

July 30 - Medicare and Medicaid became the United States' first public health insurance program in the Social Security Amendments of 1965.

1966

Troops getting dropped off in Vietnam

June 13 - The Miranda v. Arizona case establishes "Miranda Rights" for criminal suspects.

November 8 - Edward Brooke, the first black U.S. Senator in 88 years is elected to Congress.

December - By December 1966, the United States had over 300,000 troops stationed in South Vietnam.

1967

January 15 - The first Super Bowl was played between the Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs. The Packers won 35-10.

Summer - Race riots erupt in 159 cities, giving that summer the nickname of the "Long Hot Summer of 1967."

October 2 - Thurgood Marshall became the first black Supreme Court Justice

1968

Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy

April 4 - Martin Luther King is assassinated by James Earl Ray while standing on a motel balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.

June 5 - Presidential candidate and Democratic Senator Robert F. Kennedy is shot in Los Angeles and died the next day.

November 5 - President Nixon is elected as President of the United States. President Johnson decided he would not try for reelection and slow the bombing in Vietnam earlier this year.

1969

July 20 - Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first people to land and walk on the surface of the Moon.

August 15-18 - An enormous music and cultural gathering, Woodstock, was held in White Lake, New York.

November 21 - The Internet is invented by the Advanced Research Projects Agency at the U.S. Department of Defense. It connected research institutes at UCLA and Stanford University.

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