By : Daphne Rave Ching & Emon Lott
Lincoln had at first hesitated to free the slaves in fear that the Northern states would also secede. His initial goal was to reunite the Union whether that meant continuing the slavery or freeing the slaves. Eventually Lincoln changed his mind and realized the only way to stop the war was to get rid of the slavery. He told his Cabinet his intentions were to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, but many of them advised him to wait until a Union success on the battlefield.
September 22, 1862, Lincoln met again with its Cabinet and issued a preliminary proclamation. January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation but it had little effect. It only freed slaves in areas where confederates while fighting the Union.
The proclamation didn't apply to states that were already under control of the Union and didn't free anyone in the border states. The proclamation was criticized and it was criticized and praised by both the South and the North. Many Abolitionists wanted the new proclamation to be applied to the entire country and the confederacy claimed Lincoln was trying to start a slave revolt.
Th proclamation freed few slaves in the beginning, and later had a more strong impact on the country, giving the United States the culture it has today.