Motivation is a reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way
Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization at the top.
Motivation in a repetitive job
Repetitive tasks lend themselves to boredom and drudgery, causing employees to become unmotivated to perform at a high level. While it’s natural for employees to become disinterested after doing the same thing over and over, you have the responsibility as a manager of making sure workers approach their job with motivation. Offering employees the option of taking on new positions, urging them to accomplish new goals and allowing them to participate in an enjoyable workplace can result in a motivated and inspired staff.
In job enlargement, the job itself remains essentially unchanged. However, by widening the range of tasks that need to be performed, hopefully the employee will experience less repetition and monotony that are common on production lines which rely upon the division of labour.
Giving employees power to make their own decisions, with power comes motivation, and employees feel more motivated to carry out their responsibilities
Job rotation is a management technique that assigns trainees to various structures and departments over a period of a few years. Surveys show that an increasing number of companies are using job rotation to train employees
Job enrichment is a management concept that involves redesigning jobs so that they are more challenging to the employee and have less repetitive work.
Teamwork is work done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole