Location of Jamaica

Located in the northern Caribbean Sea

South of Cuba

4,243 square miles

Physical Landscape

Jamaica is very mountainous

Coastal Plains



Tropical, hot, humid, temperate interior


Average temperature is 80 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit

Average rainfall a year is about 30 inches on the coast and about 200 inches in the mountains


By far, the most recognizable name in Jamaican music remains the late Bob Marley. Each year, in February, an entire week is devoted to a celebration of his life and music. The most important music festival in Jamaica, however, is known as the “Reggae Sumfest.” It takes place at Catherine Hall in Montego Bay during August and features renown local and international artists. A carnival spirit prevails during the five-day event and the highlight of the week is a road march which features thousands of glittering, costumed merrymakers dancing through the streets.

Several major performing, visual and entertainment arts events are also found throughout the year. These include an annual national art exhibition (January), spice food festival (July), performing arts final competition (June), Caribbean heritage fest (November) and the national mento yard cultural show in October.

Sporting events, such as golf tournaments, hot air balloon competitions, fishing, polo and cricket matches also occur throughout the year.

Jamaica’s annual holidays include: New Year’s day, Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, Labor day (May 23), Emancipation day (August 1), Independence day (August 6), National Heroes day (October 16), Christmas day and Boxing day (December 26).

Human Environment Interaction

Cities have rose up along the coast and some further into the mountains

People cleared forests for farms to grow fruits such as bananas, mangoes, and orchids