Southeast Asia


Pagan Kingdoms:

Created in AD 840’s by the Burman people in a territory now called Myanmar, the territory first began as the Kingdoms of Pagan. The kingdom was located in the Irrawaddy River Valley, a perfect place for rice farming. In 1044, the first Great King of the Pagan Kingdoms emerged to conquer the valuable land and trading ports that the Pagan Kingdoms would need to grow and become an Empire. The king’s name was Anawrahta. King Anawrahta and his Buddhist successors would also build great temples that would allow the Empire to become a center of Buddhist learning.

Then in 1277 the Empire started to decline when the Mongols defeated the Burman troops.

Khmer Empire:

Like many other South East Asian people of the time, The Khmer Empire contained mostly Buddhist and Hindu beliefs. One of their Greatest achievements was connected to their Buddhist beliefs. They created the famous "Creation of Angkor Wat". The Empire lasted for several hundred years then suddenly ended for reasons that we are still unsure of today.

Trading Kingdoms:

Like the people in the Khmer Empire, the People of the trading kingdoms were also Buddhists and Hindus. The people within the trading kingdoms created the Buddhist monument at Borobudur. The Southeastern Trading Kingdoms thrived from the 7th to the 13th century.

Buddhist Monument at Borobudur
Monks celebrating Buddha's Birthday


Vietnam was controlled by China Trung Trac and Trung Nhi. There government was a Bureaucracy with a Confucian based civil service system. Much of culture was taken from Chinese culture. Lastly, the vietnamese people broke the chain of the Mongolian conquest when they defeated the invading mongols.