Medical Milestones

Marissa and Allison

Ancient Times

People then believed sanctuaries called Asklepians could heal then. The Askleions provided baths healthy foods, and sanctuary rooms intended specifically for sleep and meditation. Most of these people loved in remote areas, such as the famous sanctuary in Greece and Persamum. animal sacrifices and offerings were made at temples to their god. They would use body representations of body parts that were ill or injured.

Jewish Medicine: New medical concerns by the transmissions of medical knowledge through the medieval Jewish physicians. They spread knowledge over Greece and lined about different types of medicines

Egyptian Medicine  

Physicians had a number of important factors, they used powerful magic that involved rituals, spells. Talismans and amulets were used. People like the Sekhmet priests  were also invaded in the prevention of plagues. They sacrificed animals and were a part of veterinary  medicine.

Other healers like Zwh.w and Za.w seem to use the same method and scriptures as the wab. Back then a daughter of a chief fell into illness and the healers concluded that she was taken over by a spirit.  

Greek Times

300 BC doctors worked on more of a logical term for diseases and actual digging into what they are rather then believing spirits. They thought they were made out of four substances, blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlem.

Doctos learned about the balance of the human body. To understand a fever, they would cut an arm until it bled out, loosing the blood that caused your fever, or they would place leeches and have them suck the blood out as well in order to balance the body

Roman Medicine

800 BC they Romans were more interested in prevention than cure. They learned mostly from military doctors. The Romans did practices from the Greek. They studies physical and mental disorders. They  learned about the human health and focus in that, many of their work was based off from Greece.

When the Romans conquered Alexandria they made many universities and libraries. There was wealth documented at this time for the medicine studies. They made many learning centers and places for research.

Dark Ages 400-800 Ad

The dark ages emphasized on the soul of the study of medicine. Prayer and intervention cure were used to treat illness and disease.

People began making medications out of herbal mixtures. The average life span for people in the Dark Ages were dying at 20-30 years.

Middle Ages 800-1400 AD.

There was renewed interest in the medical practice of the Greek and Romans. Physicians began to gain knowledge from medical universities in the 9th Century

Later a world wide epidemic of the Black plague and killed three quarters of the populations in Europe, Asia. Major diseases like smallpox, dipheria and tuberculosis were also common these times. Arab physicians used their knowledge in chemistry to advance in pharmacology. They became known as the Arab Hippocrates.  

Renassiance Medicine

1510-1590- Ambroise Pare pioneered the treatment of gunshot wounds. He is considered one of the founding fathers of surgery and battlefield medicine.

1590- A dutch lens grinder, Zacharius Jannssen, invents the microscope. At the time eye glasses were becoming popular and he created the first actual microscope which brought up a lot of attention.

16th and 17th Century

1670- Anton van Leewenhoek laid the foundations of plant anatomy and became the expert on animal reproduction. He discovered blood cells and microscopic nematodes.

1701- Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations, he was a venation physical for the republic of venice who had one child who was given the first smallpox inoculations.

1796- Edward Jenner developed the vaccination for smallpox by looking at  a dairymaid with cowpox lesions and comparing them to a child with smallpox. By numerous tests he created the cure. It was also the firsrt vaccine for any disease.

18th Century

1816- Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope, using this tool he studied the sounds made by the lungs and heart.

1845- Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the US. She graduated with the highest grades in her class and she was granted an MD.

19th and 20th Century

1899 Felix Hoffmann develops aspirin. He was a chemist in a pharmaceutical laboratory and his father wanted him to produce a medicine that would devoid the affects of sodium salicylate.

1901-  Karl Landsteiner introduces the system to classify blood groups into A, B, AB, or O. He studied blood transfusions and the red blood cell count then saw that it was best to group those that were similar.

1900- 1945

1921 Earle Dickson invented the band aid. He was an employee of Johnson&Johnson and he had a wife that would often cut or burn herself while cooking.

1926 The first vaccine developed for whooping cough which is a disease that starts out with cold like symptoms but the coughing becomes gradually worse.


1950- John Hopps invents the first cardiac pacemaker. he was a Canadian electrical engineer. The pacemaker he made was external and with it he studied the rate of beats a heart makes when someone undergoes hypothermia.

1953- James Watson and Francis Crick work on the structure of the DNA molecule inspired by another mans work with Linus Paulings discovery about molecule shapes.

1975- Present

1983- HIV, the virus that causes AIDS was identified by a man named Robert Gallo and his medical group.

1996- Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from the adult cell, she was cloned from her mother by Ian WIilmut. She later died in 2003.