These people lived in the Southwest of America around Colorado and Arizona. They established an extensive farming society. Between 500-1200 AD they used canals and earthen dams to turn parts of the desert into fertile gardens. They were skilled at making baskets and beautifully crafted pottery. The homes of the Pueblon people was centered around southern Utah, northern Arizona, northwest New Mexico, and a lesser section of Colorado. The Spanish who arrived in the 1500s named them the Pueblos, meaning "villagers," from the nomadic people.
In Pueblo Bonita there were communal rooms where people assembled to perform religious rituals. Careful observations of the moon/sun/and stars was important to know when to plant and when preparing for the winter. Certain religious concepts and events controlled when to farm (in spring and summer) or hunt (in fall and winter). They held public and private ceremonies intended to benefit the group as a whole. Some modern villages ritually divided themselves into summer people and winter people or squash people and turquoise people with each half taking on different religious responsibilities.
Although the Anasazi were farmers of corn, beans, and squash, they also hunted and gathered wild plants for food. Some studies say that they relied more on hunting and gathering more than they relied on farming for their food. Corn was dried and stored on a cob. Dried squash hung in storage rooms. Wild plant foods were stored as well and also prepared for cooking. Pinon nuts, sunflower and other seeds had to be separated and they had to take off the outside before they could be cooked and eaten. Corn kernels were put in jars that laid on their sides near the fire.
Weapons and Tools
Basketry, stone tools, hunting tools, bow and arrow, snares, nets, fleshers were some of tools the Anasazi weapons used. Basketry is an extremely old technology that other people have used going back many thousands of years. Baskets were used to carry food, firewood, tools, etc. Stone tools have been preserved very well over the years. Some stone tools included flaked stone tools, ground stone tools, small stone drills and hammers. Hunting tools were used to kill animals. Some hunting tools included spear throwers (atlatls), bow and arrows, and throwing sticks that were similar to spear throwers.
Weapons and Tools Cont.
Snares and nets were also hunting tools woven from plant fibers. A snare is a trap which closes when an animal steps on it. People would run in long lines to chase animals and catch them with a long net held by other people. Archeologists do not really find preserved snares or nets because they were made by perishable material, so the Anasazi indians could have used the snares and nets more than archeologists say they did. some Another tools was fleshers or scrappers which were tools which were usually made from the leg bone of a large mammal, and it was used to remove fat and flesh from the inside of the top of the hide.
The Anasazi indians used stone and adobe to build pueblos, multistoried structures that housed many people. Although the Anasazi indians did not always make adobe or mud bricks but the earliest pueblos often had walls made of clay covering a gate of sticks (called jacal construction) usually anchored to a row of stones. Later villages had stone stem walls below upper jacal walls. Later on walls were mostly stone masonry (sometimes carefully shaped) held together with mud and clay material.