Southeast Asia

The Pagan Kingdom, Khmer Empire, Trading Kingdoms, and Vietnam

The Pagan Kingdom was located in Irrawaddy River valley. The first great king was Anawrahta. He built many Buddhist temples, and Pagan became a place of education. Eventually, the Pagan Kingdom fell because the Mongols crushed the Pagan Army and lost its power.

Anawrahta statue.

The Khmer Empire was a great empire. They were a great empire because they conquered kingdoms around them. The Khmer Empire lasted from 850-1220. They had a strong Indian influence. They used both Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. The Angkor Wat is the most famous temple that was built. They had many impressive building projects and were successful in agriculture.

The Angkor Wat.

Trading Kingdoms

Many trading kingdoms developed. One of them was the Saliendra. They used lots of agriculture and trade to survive. There main religion was Mahayana Buddhism and they have very good art and architecture. The most impressive monument is the Borobudur. Another kingdom was the Srivijaya. They were extremely wealthy from there control of the seas of the Malacca and Sunda straits. They adopted Hinduism and Buddhism. Muslim traders developed a trade network throughout these two kingdoms.

The biggest Saliendra achievement, the Borobudur.

Vietnam was strongly influenced by China. They adopted Chinese language and clothing and hairstyles. The Vietnamese also were influenced by the Chinese government, and had a bureaucracy and a civil service system.  The Vietnamese still had there own customs, though. They still worshipped nature spirits, and they wanted their independence from the Chinese Rule. They later rebelled. Two sisters Trung Trac and Trung Nhi created an army and took the Chinese out of Vietnam.  More information on the two sisters :

The two sisters, Trung Trac and Trung Nhi.