589 AD to Present
Golden Age (1127-1279)



Hangzhou was and still is a flourishing city located in the southeastern part of China. The city thrived during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and became the capital city.


Hangzhou is most well known for its tea and silk trade but merchants also sold spices.


The goods in Hangzhou were transported by ships along the Spice Route. It is known as the maritime alternative of the Silk Road.


During the Southern Song Dynasty, the government tried to prohibit the use of copper currency in border regions and in seaports, but the copper coin remained in use.


Hangzhou served a vital role in Ancient China as it was a large trading center. In addition, it was an important port city on the Yellow Sea, allowing ships to travel from there to India and Persia. At this time, it was the maritime alternative to the Silk Road.


The function of Hangzhou was also significant. During it's golden years, Hangzhou served as the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty. Furthermore, it also is connected to the southern section of the Grand Canal (completed in 609) and was the departure point for the Spice Route. In addition, Hangzhou served as the silk center of China and thus was vital to Silk Road trade route as well.

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