By: Rebecca and Abbie
Measles is an acute infectious disease.
The incubation period ranges from 7 to 21 days from exposure to onset of fever; rash usually appears about 14 days after exposure.
Measles is caused by a virus. It is spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or shares food or drinks. The measles virus lives in the mucus in the nose and throat of infected people.
Risk Factors: What populations or areas are more at risk? Being unvaccinated, traveling internationally, and having a vitamin A deficiency.
Prevention Strategies- There are vaccines that can be administered to young children before exposure of the disease. It is recommended that all healthy children be administered the measles vaccines at fifteen months of age and then second dose as a young child.
Before the vaccination program started in 1963, about 3-4 million people in the U.S. got measles each year.
1 in 4 unvaccinated people in the U.S. who get measles will be hospitalized.
Measles is highly contagious. but very unlikely to be infected because there are vaccines and it is more of a historical disease.
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"Measles." Risk Factors. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/measles/basics/risk-factors/con-20019675>.
"Measles (Rubeola)-Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/measles-rubeola-topic-overview>.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 03 Mar. 2015. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.