Barbara McClintock was born on June 16th, 1902, the third child of four, in Hartford Connecticut. She was a very smart child interested in learning. She went to college at Cornell University and earned bachelors through doctoral degrees. She pursued a career in genealogy and studied the genes of corn and how they affected physical characteristics. Her most important discovery was of the transposition of genes. For this discovery she received the Nobel Peace prize in 1983, she also received the Medal of Science from President Nixon in 1970.