Mali Introduction of Poeple
The population of Mali is composed of many different ethnic groups. The Barbara, Turraug, Dogon, and Fulani are all different ethnic groups that are located in Mali. French is the official language of Mali, but over thirty local African languages are used arose the country. Bambara is the most commonly spoken language. There are Christian minorities and those that follow African beliefs, but over 90% of the people are Muslim, and Mosques. It is governed by a fully democratic system. There government terms only last 2 years. It was a dictatorship from 1960-1991. In 1960 they became independent from France. The life expectancy in Mali for a male is 47, and 51 for females. 2% of the population is HIV positive. 54% of males can read and write by the age of 15. 40% of females can read and write by the age of 15.
Mali is located in western Africa. The climate is sup-tropical to arid. It is hot and dry from around February to June. The weather changes to rainy and humid from lunge to November, and cool and dry from November to February. Mali is mostly flat but has some rolling northern plains covered in sand. Mali is a savannah in the south, but has rugged hills in the North East. Mali is land locked and divided into three natural zones, the southern, the central, and the northern. Some natural resources are gold, phosphates, granite, salt, and uranium. Deforestation is a current environmental issue. Soil erosion is also a problem. Mali has desertification, which is a type of land where a relatively dry land becomes increasingly arid. They have trouble distributing clean water thought the country.
In the Mali empire the main religion is Islam. They also believed in the spirits of the land. in the 13th century things changed. The trans-Sahara trade who traded with the people in Mali began to tell them about Islam. Soon enough people started to convert to the Islamic religion. There was no big conflict that caused the people of Mali to get angry because everyone really like the Islamic religion. After this huge conversion of one of the rulers named Manasa Kankan Musa many people converted to Muslim.
Art of Mali
the most common cultural activities involve music in dancing. Dogon dances where masks that more than ten meet tall, to act out their conception of the worlds progress. They also do fertility dances which they imitate the movement of animals. Mali also has a ballet troupe that preformed around the world. Traditional music from women of the southern area know as Wassoulou is very popular. Several Malian musicians are internationally known, such as Oumosangare and Salisidibi. Others such as Amabou Bagayoko and Mariam Doumbia perform together and are descendants of Sundiata Keita the founder of the Mali empire.
Mali dishes vary from region to region, but the staples are normally rice, millet, sorghum, and fonio which is a fine grain cereal found in Africa. These are served with sauces of fish, meat, or vegetables. Grains are often used to make porridge, for example many Malians eat Bouille for breakfast. To drink djablani is a local special. This is a juice made from hibiscus, ginger, or the fruit of the baobab tree.