The Haitian Revolution
By Pierre K, Dhruvi S, Sam B.
The Only completely successful slave revolt in world history
"Ten Views in the Island of Antigua" by William Clark in 1823
This artifact represents the labor-intensive work of sugar cane plantations. Saint Dominic, the richest French colony, contained hundreds of thousands of oppressed slaves under the power of brutal white plantation owners.
French King Louis XIV declared an end to slavery, but the white plantation owners didn't abide by his declaration. This is a symptom of the Haitian Revolution because a large population of Haiti were in fact slaves who wanted and needed freedom from their oppressive masters and the economic system.
Rising Of Fever
"Toussaint Louverture Chef des Noirs Insurgés de Saint Domingue" by John Kay in 1802
Inspired by the promise of the French Revolution as a personal freedom, a slave rebellion commenced in 1791
Toussaint Louvreture, a former slave, led the massive revolt where the slave rebels burned 1,000 plantations and killed hundreds of whites and mixed race people. This can be associated with a rising of fever because the slaves were promised freedom from King Louis XIV, however the white plantation owners never granted them their freedom. This forced the slaves to respond with a large rebellion.
"Incendie de la Plaine du Cap. - Massacre Des Blancs par les Noirs" by Martinet in 1833.
In 1804, Jean-Jacque Dessalines, the successor of Toussaint Louvreture, ordered the slave population to kill the remaining white population which resulted in the deaths of 3,000-5,000 people of all ages and genders. This was known as the Haitian Massacre.
Jean-Jacques Dessalines and the revolutionaries won The Battle of Vertieres against the French forces on November 18, 1803. This fits into the concept of crisis because slaves were being extremely violent and hellbent on killing everyone in their path. After this, the revolution began to slowly lose steam.
The Haitian Declaration of Independence was written by Laurent Dubois and John Garrigus on January 1, 1804. This artifact represents the absolute necessity for liberty and the first written declaration of the nation's independence.
After the rebels defeated the French in the Battle of Vertières in 1803 Jean-Jacques Desalines came into power and declared everyone free. This is a representation of convalescence because the revolution has severely died down with a strong central leader and an official independence into their own nation. Land was redistributed among former slaves and free blacks, and Haiti became a nation of small-scale farmers producing mostly for their own needs