Mesopotamia is a Greek word meaning 'between the rivers'. The rivers are the Tigris and Euphrates which flow through modern Iraq.

Mesopotamia is made up of different regions, each with its own geography. The geography of each area and the natural resources found there affected the ways that people lived. 

Mesopotamia's Goverment

Government: The government of the ancient Mesopotamians was an unusual form of government. There was

Class System
there were four classes of people in ancient Mesopotamia. The persist, upper class, lower class, and then the slaves. The Priests The priests were the most powerful. They had to make sure that everyone behaved in a way witch made the god's happy. They were doctors if you were sick you called for a doctor. The Upper ClassMen and Woman wore dewerly. lots wore rings. Men wore shirts and had long hair like woman. They also had curly mustaches and long beards. Woman word dresses off one sholder. they wore long hair in braids or fancy arrangements. The Lower Class they were paid for they're goods or labor. even though the lower class didn't have the same luxury lifestyle as the rich they were comfortable. The worked hard but had no homes. they wore dewerly most of the time not made of gold. The Slaves The Sumerian's Conquered another town and had brought prisoners back as slaves. slaves worked for the king or kings. Also the wealthy. Slaves could be bought and sold.

a King and nobles who made the law and declared war and decided how to honor the gods. Then there was an assembly of the people who could overrule the king and say, this is not a good law, get rid of it, or we don't want to go to war, so stop it. The kings, if they were wise, would listen to the people.

Mesopotamia's Technology

From the first settled communities around 8000 B.C. the inhabitants of the Near East developed almost all the techniques that formed the basis of civilized life before the industrial revolution: architecture, transport, metalworking, carpentry, pottery, glass- making, textile manufacture and leather-working as well as many processes associated with farming and food preparation. In southern Mesopotamia irrigation and flood control were necessary and this gave rise to a number of subsidiary technologies of water management, including canal-building, water storage and drainage. For some crafts, such as pottery or metalworking, it is possible to work out how objects were made from surviving artefacts. A few texts give detailed information on the methods employed in such technologies as glass manufacture and brewing.    


Mesopotamia was a great civilization. A great civilization needs water and this was supplied by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Mesopotamians wanted more out of the two rivers which resulted in irrigation and sailboats. With sailboats the Mesopotamians could put nets in the middle of the rivers or canals much more easily which would get more fish to add to a surplus of food being brought in by irrigation.

First Wheel

The Sumerians first invented the wheel. They connected it to vehicles called chariots. It got them to places they wanted to go quickly. It was one of the biggest achievements in history. Without the wheel we wouldn't be here today. We wouldn't have all the cities and towns without the wheel. That is why the wheel is so importa


Many people know of Egyptian hieroglyphs, but at the same time, Sumerians were making their own writing. It was made for taking account of what they bought or sold. It is called cuneiform which means wedge shaped. Scribes wrote in clay tablets using a pointed reed called a stylus. The Sumerians thought very highly of the Scribes because writing was considered magical.


Mesopotamia's Religion

They're religion  believed that they were servants of god. 

The word "religion" means a binding together or a system of beliefs, rituals, and standards of conduct. Religion provides spiritual and ethical guidance and offers an acceptable explanation of the mysteries of death. Religion in Mesopotamia gave the world its first mythology.

Mesopotamian mythology was a series of repeated stories that explained the unexplainable and was the backbone of the religion. The religion of Mesopotamia is the oldest religion that we have RECORDS of.

  • We do know that all the ancient Sumerians asked questions that have always troubled mankind....WHO ARE WE?...WHERE ARE WE?...HOW DID WE GET HERE?

The Mesopotamians believed:

  • The world was a flat disk that was surrounded by a vast hollow space and that this was enclosed in an over-arching heaven.
  • The sea was all around the bottom and sides.
  • The universe had been born of these waters.
  • The Ancient Sumerians worshipped many different gods and goddesses. They thought that the gods influenced much of what happened to them in their lives. Babylonian and Assyrian religion was heavily influenced by the Sumerians.