Plant cells have cell walls. Animal cells do not. Some plants have chloroplasts. Chlorophyll converts light energy in chemical energy.The chemical energy is used to make food, which is called photosynthesis.
The parts of a plant cell:
1. chloroplast - the green - colored bodies that contain chlorophyll where the plant makes food.
2. Cell wall - supports and protects the interior of the cell. It also gives the plant its structural support.
3. Cytoplasm - the clear, watery, gelatin-like material filling the interior of the cell.
4. Vacuole - stores waste and water.
Parts of an animal cell:
1. Cytoplasm - the clear, watery, gelatin-like substance that fills the interior of the cell.
2. Cell membrane - the protective layer of the cell. It allows material to enter or not enter the cell.
3. Nucleus - the control center of the cell. It is like the brain of the cell.
4. Vacuole - a storage space for water and waste in the cell.
5. Mitochondrian - a very small structure that can only be seen with an electron microscope. They release most of the energy from digested foods required by the animal cell.