The History of Space Exploration: Mission to the Moon
The moon is one of the magnificent things about living here on Earth!!
Project Mercury began in 1958 and was completed in 1963, Project Mercury as th first major U.S program to establish a human presence in space. The objectives of the program, which made six human flights from 1961 to 1963, were:
1.To successflly orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth
2.To investigate humankind's ability to function in space
3. To recover both occupant and spacecraft
Each Mercury space craft carried one astronaut. There were seven Mercury astronauts, all mlitary test patients. Six of them (Alan Shepard, Gus Grissom, Gordon Cooper, an Wally Schirra) flew aboard the mercury Spacecraft. The seventh, Deke Slayton, was grounded due to minor medical aliment but eventually flew as a crewman aboard the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975.
Project Gemini (named forth crew of two astronauts flying aboard each Gemini spacecraft) was the second human spacecraft program initiated by the United States. Opertating between Mercury and Apollo, Project Gemini consited of 10 successful flights in 1965 and 1966. It provided crucial experience by devolping and testing the techniques for advanced space travel and long-duration space operations necessary to land humans on the Moon. Gemini missions involved the first American extravehicular activity and new orbital maeuvers including rendezvous ad docking.
Gemini Program Objectives
The objectives of the Gemini Program were:
1.Gain asronaut experience with long duration space flights
2.Perfect methods on reentry and landing the spacecraft
3.Study the effects of weightlessness on astronauts during long flights
Apollo was one of the most magnificent things to happen in space none to man. The first man walked on the moon, Niall Armstrong along with his partner, Buzz Aldrin. This is were one of the most famous sayings in history came from "This is one small step for man, and one giant leap for man kind." -Niall Armstrong. President Richard Nixon spoke with Armstrong and Aldrin on a telephone radio transmission shortly after they planted the American flag on the lunar surface. Nixon considered it the "most historic phone call ever made from the White House." And by golly I think he's right!!!!!