By: Gabrielle Davis
Harper's Ferry, West Virginia (July 1859)- The raid led by John Brown, a radical abolitionist, to take control of the town and commandeer weapons from the arsenal for the fight against slavery. Brown was later tried and hanged it was the conflict between the North(Union) and the South(Confederates).
Fort Sumter, South Carolina (April 1861)-This is where the first shot of the Civil War was shot at The Union(North) surrendered the fort, which became a symbol of the South(Confederates) resistance.
Manassas/ Bull Run, Virginia (July 1861)- This is where the South(Confederacy) won two(2) important victories one (1) in July(1861) and one in August(1862).They won both at Manassas National Battlefield Park, or Bull Run. General Thomas Jonathan Jackson earned his nickname Stonewall here, when he and his brigade( a subdivision of an army, typically consisting of a small number of infantry battalions and/or other units and often forming part of a division.)stood like a stone wall.
Shiloh, Tennessee (April 1862)- Site of one of the Civil War's grimmest and most pivotal battles, Shiloh National Military Park is the resting place of almost 4,000 soldiers, many unidentified, in the national cemetery.
Antietam, Maryland (September 1862)- Time has returned Antietam National Battlefield, the site of the bloodiest one-day battle of the Civil War.
Fredericksburg, Virginia (December 1862)- There is a Sunken Road, where on December 13, 1862, the Confederates achieved a resounding victory over Union forces attacking across the Rappahannock.
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (July 1863)-Built in 1837, the ironworks, along with smaller area iron foundries, made Richmond the center of iron manufacturing in the South. When the Civil War began in 1861, the ironworks geared up to make the artillery, ammunition, and other material that sustained the Confederate war machine.
Petersburg, Virginia (June 1864)-To walk Petersburg National Battlefield is to be where more than 60,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died during the siege of the city. A pronounced depression in the ground is the eroded remnant of the Crater, the result of a 4-ton gunpowder explosion set off by Union forces in one failed attack
Appomattox, Virginia (April 1865)-The Civil War ended here 25 miles east of Lynchburg, on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Grant, leader of pursuing Union forces
North Disadvantages-Northern soldiers had to conquer a huge area to bring the South back into the Union.They were invading unfamiliar land.
South Disadvantages-Had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies.Had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies.The South had a small population, about 9 million lived in the Confederacy and 22 million in the Union more than 1/3rd of the population was enslaved; therefore they had fewer people that could be soldiers.
North Advantages-Had almost 4 times as many free citizens.Had many people to grow food and to work in factories making supplies.Had more than 70% of the nation's rail lines.Had a strong navy and a large fleet of private trading ships.
South Advantages-Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight.Had skills that made them good soldiers.Many of the best officers in the United States were from the South.