Rise of Feudal States

Adam Coberly and Brady Harrison

Essential Question:How does a lack of leadership effect the development of society?

Barbarian invasion in Europe

Towards the end of the Carolingian empire, there were lots of invasions that eventually led to its collapse. The southern coasts of Europe were attacked by the Muslims, while the Maygars invaded Western Europe. Most of the damage though was done by the Vikings. The Vikings were a Germanic tribe who enjoyed war and invading empires. With all of these invasions and attacks on Europe, empires started to fall.

Feudal states emerging

After most of the European empires and civilizations had been torn apart because of the invasions, people needed to find protection from the Vikings. They looked to local aristocrats to help them. They needed someone powerful who they could work for in exchange for protection. This gave the wealthy people a great chance to take over a group of people on their own, which led to the development of feudalism.

The Franks

The Franks were a Germanic kingdom established by Clovis. He was a military leader and was the first Germanic leader to convert to Christianity. By converting to Christianty Clovis and the Franks gained the support from the Catholic Church. By 510 the Frankish Kingdom went from Pyrenees to German lands in the east. This would be modern day France to western Germany. Over time, the Germanic kingdoms and the Romans started to create a new society. During this time, there was a violent atmosphere. To avoid fights, a new system was created called wergild. This was the idea that people had to pay money to the family of who was killed based off of the value of the person.

Carolingian Empire

The Carolingian empire lasted from 768-814 in the same area that the Franks had previously controlled. Their ruler, Charlemagne, expanded the empire even further then the Franks had. At the empire's peak, it covered western and central Europe. Education in the kingdom was very important to Charlemagne. This occurred because Charlemagne himself was often intellectually curious. This led to many missionaries being built. The empire start to fall once their Charlemagne died around 814. The empire was divided to his thee grandsons, and then began to fall with many invasions.

Charlemagne

Charlemagne was a powerful Christian ruler, who demonstrated the idea of a long lasting empire. He was the leader of the Franks and expanded their territory to create the Carolingian empire. Charlemagne cared about education greatly, and wanted his clergy of the church  to be educated as well. Charlemagne also wanted to have literate officials for the government.

Critical Thinking Question: Was feudalism better or worse than a centralized government? List 2 reasons and explain why.

Essential Question:How does a lack of leadership effect the development of society?

Quiz and Answers

Answers

1. B

2. B

3. A

4. C

MLA citations

"Franks." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"Gregory of Tours: Clotilda's grandsons, History of the Franks." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"Charlemagne." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"Feudalism and the Three Orders (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

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