Manhattan Project, Atomic Bomb

Kelsey Shelton and McKinley Ferguson; 1st period

The Atomic Bomb

In late 1941, the American effort to design and build an Atomic Bomb received its code name — the Manhattan Project. Scientists Albert Einstein, who fled Nazi persecution, and Enrico Fermi, who escaped Fascist Italy, were now living in the United States. The Manhattan Project employed over 120,000 Americans. By the summer of 1945, Oppenheimer was ready to test the first bomb. The Japanese leaders did not surrender, and Truman ordered the use of the bomb. On August 6, 1945, an. American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshina. About 100,000 others died later from the effects of radiation. When the bomb exploded, a sheet of flame spread over the city. 3 days later an American plane dropped another atomic bomb.

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