Inca civilization operated under a highly organized hierarchy lead by an
emperor, who was referred to as ‘’the Inca.’’ This order was conducted by an
orderly administration who was in charge of collecting tributes to the emperor,
as well as distributing them throughout the empire. Because of its division
into four quarters, the empire was called Tahuantinsuyu by its people. Each of
these quarters was administered by an Apo, who was the second most powerful
government official in addition to being a blood relative of the emperor.
were two officials called curacas after the government officials because each
province held approximately 20,000 households, and each of the two curacas was
given the responsibility of 10,000 households each. These two curacas then
became responsible for two more curacas who were again in charge of 5,000
households each. However, the chain of curcas did not stop with them. The two
curacas who administered 5,000 households became in charge of a group of five
curacas who each lead 1,000 households. These five curacas were responsible for
another pair of curacas who held 500 households each. After a while, this pair
of curacas were in charge of another five who were responsible for 100
households systems each.
curacas were also the ones who ensured the perfection of the empire’s Mita
system. The Mita system was generally a type of public service to the empire.
At the age of 15, young Inca males were required to join their fathers in
public service. Most of these were community projects such as constructing new
roads or buildings for the benefit of the empire. Farming and military service
were also included in the Mita system. The government of the Inca civilization
may seem very intricate to outsiders, but it proved very effective for their