The changes in America from 1998-2015 have occurred thanks to many developments (both good and bad) in technology, politics, America's interactions with other countries, and the culture in America. There have been developments in the technology here such as the Kindle Paperwhite and the iPad, shifts in the government like the impeachment of Bill Clinton and Baltimore riots, the interactions after disaster with other countries after 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina's oil crisis, and the development of gay marriage and more protest regarding a shooting. Such changes have resulted in america becoming a better country no matter how bad they sound.

Historical context: The Kindle Paperwhite was the new edition of the kindle. It came out in 2014 after the Kindle and Kindle Fire.

Purpose: To promote people to start reading more now that the kindle is able to purchase books on the go and the screen can change the brightness to be able to read it anywhere.

Work, Exchange, &Technology: Khe Kindle Paperwhite increased productivity by providing a more efficient way to access books and PDF files. The Paperwhite provides a way to read even in the brightest light. A user can even purchase books on the go instead of having to wait for a bookstore. The kindle book prices are typically less expensive then paperback or hardcover books.  

Author: Kindle

Date: February 20, 2013

Kindle Paperwhite: Perfect at the Beach/video/work, exchange, and technnology/2013

Historical context: In 2010 the Apple iPad was released. Apple inc. started working on the iPad before the iPhone, but had to get pushed back due to the iPhone becoming more important in 2007. The iPad was the most technologically advanced thing in 2010. it was more advanced and had more room then the iPhone. The iPad provided more space for apps as well as a bigger screen.

Audience: The iPad was/is for anyone that likes apple products or wanted a touchscreen mini computer. It could be for people that wanted an apple product but couldn't get the phone, or wanted a smaller computer for on the go.

Work, Exchange, and Technology: This product enabled people to access emails on the go, to do a web search without a desktop computer/ laptop, it was a mobile video game, it was new and exciting. providing all these on the go options. Making jobs easier, making communication easier, and making babysitting easier.

Author: Karyne Levy

Date: October 18, 2014

I'm Never Going To Upgrade My First-Generation iPad — Here's Why/picture/work, exchange, and technology/ 2010

Historical Context: President Bill Clinton was caught in a sex scandal with a white house intern, Monica Lewinsky. This led to a long supreme court case which eventually led to his impeachment. during one of his press.

Audience: President Bill Clinton was talking to the american citizens when he delivered this speech. After being accused of having an affair, he had to do something to fix his reputation and save his presidency.  

Politics and Power: The president had an affair with a coworker when he was married. He blatantly lied to the american population by denying this alleged affair. He betrayed the trust of Americans everywhere.

Author: jw00534

Date: April 18, 2012

Bill Clinton--"I did not have sexual relations with that woman"/sound recording/politics and power/ 1998

"...Now even in the most painful times like those we are seeing in Baltimore …

When parents fear for their children…

When smoke fills the skies above our cities…

When police officers are assaulted…

Even then—especially then—let’s remember the aspirations and values that unite us all: That every person should have the opportunity to succeed. That no one is disposable. That every life matters.

So yes, Mayor Dinkins. This is a time for wisdom.

A time for honesty about race and justice in America.

And, yes, a time for reform....

...And please join me in saying a prayer for the family of Freddie Gray, and all the men whose names we know and those we don’t who have lost their lives unnecessarily and tragically. And in particular today, include in that prayer the people of Baltimore and our beloved country..."

Historical Context: Freddy Gray died because of police brutality. Citizens of Baltimore, Maryland became outraged and decided to protest the police brutality that has occurred over the years. However, some people decided to take it from a peaceful protest to a violent one. Riots started popping up everywhere.

Audience: Those that have strong feelings or have been following the news about the Baltimore riots would want to hear about the speech given above by Hillary Clinton about the Baltimore riots.  

Politics and Power: These sad circumstances led to the reform being thought up again. The reform could possibly fix police brutality and possibly make some changes in the black community. Everyone is fed up with the stories of police brutality and everyone wants it to stop.

Author: Hillary Clinton

Date: April 29, 2015

Read: Hillary Clinton’s huge new speech on criminal justice reform/speech/ politics and power/ 2015

"...This Act repeals the prohibition on same-gender marriage that was enacted in 1996. The effect of this Act is to allow two individuals, whether of the same or different genders, to marry if otherwise eligible. Upon the effectiveness of this Act, no new civil unions will be formed in Delaware. This Act allows both parties to a civil union that is not subject to a pending proceeding for dissolution, annulment or legal separation to convert their civil union to a marriage prior to July 1, 2014 by application for a marriage license to the clerk of the peace of the county in which their civil union license was issued, with or without further solemnization of such marriage. On July 1, 2014, all remaining civil unions not currently subject to a proceeding for dissolution, annulment or legal separation will automatically convert to marriages...."

Historical Context: Gay rights have been a struggle for years. In 2013, Jack Marchell announced that gay rights are fine, and not long after the became elected he passed many civil unions. On July 1, 2014, Delaware passed the act that allowed the marriage of same sex couples.

Audience: Gay right activist and those that would be happy about gay marriage would want to read this.

Culture: This act proves that society is evolving past from the strict moral guidelines of the past. No longer held back from the restricting chains of right and wrong, of good and bad, and straight and only straight. By being able to accept that times are changing and that straight is not the only sexual preference anymore.  

Author: house of representatives

Date: july 1, 2013


"SANFORD, Fla. — Once again, a river of protest raged through Sanford this weekend to demand justice in the name of an unarmed black teenager shot dead. It gathered strength in front of the historic Crooms Academy, the first high school for black students in Seminole County; surged through the streets; and formed a flood of grief and outrage just outside the Sanford Police Department.

Once again, thousands chanted the name of Trayvon Martin, 17, the youth killed with one bullet while returning to a home in a gated community where he was a guest. Once again, they cried for the arrest of George Zimmerman, 28, the neighborhood watch coordinator who has claimed self-defense under a Florida law with the assertive name Stand Your Ground.

With five weeks’ passage, the fateful encounter between a black youth who wanted to go to college and a Hispanic man who wanted to be a judge has polarized the nation.

And, now this modest central Florida community finds its name being mentioned with Selma and Birmingham on a civil rights list held sacred in black American culture

Historical Context: Trayvon Martin was shot and killed by George Zimmerman on February 26, 2012. Many people believed that Martin was innocent and wrongfully killed. Those people were adamant about having Zimmerman serve time. however there were people that were in disagreement to that and thought that Martin was guilty and up to no good.

Audience: The american population that is appalled by the way things have been handled regarding this sad story of police brutality and death of a young man.

Culture: Americans have had to deal with police brutality and the deaths of many people in regards to that. This upsets many people and they protest.

Author: Dan Barry, Serge F. Kovaleski, Campbell Robertson, and Lizette Alvares

Date: April 1, 2012

Race, Tragedy and Outrage Collide After a Shot in Florida/ serials/ culture/ 2012

"Even before the devastating hurricanes of August and September 2005, world oil markets had been subject to a degree of strain not experienced for a generation. Increased demand and lagging additions to productive capacity had eliminated a significant amount of the slack in world oil markets that had been essential in containing crude oil and product prices between 1985 and 2000. In such tight markets, the shutdown of oil platforms and refineries last month by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita was an accident waiting to happen. In their aftermath, prices of crude oil worldwide moved sharply higher, and with refineries stressed by a shortage of capacity, margins for refined products in the United States roughly doubled. Prices of natural gas soared as well..."

Historical Context: Oil prices have been continuously been going up over the years, little by little. Now when dealing with the aftermath of hurricane Katrina, There is a shortage of crude oil, prices have increased dramatically.

Audience: The american people

America in the World: Because of hurricane Katrina, oil prices have skyrocketed up and because of the lack of oil being produced prices will rise.

Author: Chairman Alan Greenspan

Date: October 7, 2005

Remarks by Chairman Alan Greenspan
Before the Japan Business Federation, the Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and the Japan Association of Corporate Executives, Tokyo, Japan
October 17, 2005/ speech/ america in the world/ 2005

Historical context: On September 11, 2001, there was a terrorist attack on several different places across the country. The terrorists hijacked planes and were planning on crashing them into major landmarks in america. Most of these planes did not reach their targets, however two unfortunate planes did make their marks and caused chaos across north america.

Audience: Any american citizens and those affected by 9/11

America in the World: Since 9/11, airports have stepped up their game when it comes to passenger safety. People can only bring two ounce bottles into the airport, new security fully body scanners, security is not a joke. Not only have airports vamped up security but so has america. The NSA was created to help protect from such attacks occurring again.

Author: TFluver's channel

Date: November 20, 2006

Alan Jackson-Where Were You When the World Stopped Turning/ music/america in the world/ 2006

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